The South Sudan (Sanctions) (EU Exit) Regulations 2019

JurisdictionUK Non-devolved
CitationSI 2019/438

2019 No. 438

Exiting The European Union

Sanctions

The South Sudan (Sanctions) (EU Exit) Regulations 2019

Made 4th March 2019

Laid before Parliament 6th March 2019

Coming into force in accordance with regulation 1(2)

The Secretary of State1, in exercise of the powers conferred by sections 1(1)(a) and (c) and (3), 3(1)(a), (b)(ii), (d)(i) and (ii), 4, 5, 9(2)(a), 10(2)(a) and (c), (3) and (4), 11(2) to (9), 13, 15(2)(a) and (b), (3), (4)(b), (5) and (6), 16, 17(2) to (9), 19, 20, 21(1), 54(1) and (2)(a), 56(1) and 62(4) to (6) of, and paragraphs 2(b), 4(b), 5(a)(ii) and (b), 6(a)(ii) and (b), 10(b), 11(a)(ii), 13(b), (h), (k), (l), (m), (n) and (w), 14(a), (f) and (k), 17(a), 19(a), 20, 21 and 27 of Schedule 1 to, the Sanctions and Anti-Money Laundering Act 20182, and having decided, upon consideration of the matters set out in section 2(2) and 56(1) of that Act, that it is appropriate to do so, makes the following Regulations:

1 General

PART 1

General

S-1 Citation and commencement

Citation and commencement

1.—(1) These Regulations may be cited as the South Sudan (Sanctions) (EU Exit) Regulations 2019.

(2) These Regulations come into force in accordance with regulations made by the Secretary of State under section 56 of the Act.

S-2 Interpretation

Interpretation

2. In these Regulations—

“the Act” means the Sanctions and Anti-Money Laundering Act 2018;

“ARCSS” means the Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan done at Addis Ababa on 17 August 20153;

“arrangement” includes any agreement, understanding, scheme, transaction or series of transactions, whether or not legally enforceable (but see paragraph 12 of Schedule 1 for the meaning of that term in that Schedule);

“CEMA” means the Customs and Excise Management Act 19794;

“the Commissioners” means the Commissioners for Her Majesty’s Revenue and Customs;

“the Committee” means the Committee of the Security Council established in accordance with paragraph 16 of resolution 2206;

“conduct” includes acts and omissions;

“document” includes information recorded in any form and, in relation to information recorded otherwise than in legible form, references to its production include producing a copy of the information in legible form;

“the EU South Sudan Regulation” means Council Regulation (EU) No 2015/735 of 7 May 2015, concerning restrictive measures in respect of the situation in South Sudan, and repealing Regulation (EU) No 748/20145, as it has effect in EU law;

“resolution 2206” means resolution 2206 (2015) adopted by the Security Council on 3 March 2015;

“resolution 2290” means resolution 2290 (2016) adopted by the Security Council on 31 May 2016;

“resolution 2428” means resolution 2428 (2018) adopted by the Security Council on 13 July 2018;

“R-ARCSS” means the Revitalised Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan done at Addis Ababa on 12 September 20186;

“serious human rights violation or abuse” means a serious violation or abuse of any of the human rights specified in regulation 4(2)(f);

“trade licence” means a licence under regulation 34;

“Treasury licence” means a licence under regulation 33(1);

“United Kingdom person” has the same meaning as in section 21 of the Act.

S-3 Application of prohibitions and requirements outside the United Kingdom

Application of prohibitions and requirements outside the United Kingdom

3.—(1) A United Kingdom person may contravene a relevant prohibition by conduct wholly or partly outside the United Kingdom.

(2) Any person may contravene a relevant prohibition by conduct in the territorial sea.

(3) In paragraphs (1) and (2) a “relevant prohibition” means any prohibition imposed by—

(a)

(a) regulation 9(2) (confidential information),

(b)

(b) Part 3 (Finance),

(c)

(c) Part 5 (Trade), or

(d)

(d) a condition of a Treasury licence or a trade licence.

(4) A United Kingdom person may comply, or fail to comply, with a relevant requirement by conduct wholly or partly outside the United Kingdom.

(5) Any person may comply, or fail to comply, with a relevant requirement by conduct in the territorial sea.

(6) In this regulation, a “relevant requirement” means any requirement imposed—

(a)

(a) by or under Part 7 (Information and records), or by reason of a request made under a power conferred by that Part, or

(b)

(b) by a condition of a Treasury licence or a trade licence.

(7) Nothing in this regulation is to be taken to prevent a relevant prohibition or a relevant requirement from applying to conduct (by any person) in the United Kingdom.

S-4 Purposes

Purposes

4.—(1) The regulations contained in this instrument that are made under section 1 of the Act have the following purposes—

(a)

(a) compliance with the relevant UN obligations, and

(b)

(b) the additional purposes mentioned in paragraph (2).

(2) Those additional purposes are—

(a)

(a) promoting the peace, stability and security of South Sudan,

(b)

(b) encouraging the resolution of the political crisis and armed conflicts in South Sudan, including the implementation of the ARCSS and R-ARCSS,

(c)

(c) promoting the effective delivery of the mandates of the regional or international monitoring and peace-support missions and mechanisms in South Sudan, including—

(i) the Ceasefire Transitional Security Arrangements Monitoring and Verification Mechanism7,

(ii) the Revitalised Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Commission8, and

(iii) the United Nations Mission in South Sudan9,

(d)

(d) promoting respect for humanitarian assistance activities in South Sudan,

(e)

(e) promoting compliance with the rules of international humanitarian law applicable to the armed conflicts in South Sudan, and

(f)

(f) promoting respect for human rights in South Sudan, including, in particular, respect for—

(i) the right to life of persons in South Sudan;

(ii) the right of persons in South Sudan not to be held in slavery or required to perform forced or compulsory labour;

(iii) the right of persons not to be subjected to torture or cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment in South Sudan, including in the context of—

(aa) violence against persons on the basis of their ethnicity,

(bb) rape and other forms of sexual and gender-based violence, or

(cc) recruitment or use of children as soldiers;

(iv) the right to liberty and security of persons in South Sudan, including freedom from arbitrary arrest, detention or enforced disappearance,

(v) the right to a fair trial of persons charged with criminal offences in South Sudan;

(vi) the rights of journalists, human rights defenders, civil society activists and other persons in South Sudan to freedom of expression and peaceful assembly;

(vii) the enjoyment of rights and freedoms in South Sudan without discrimination, including on the basis of a person’s sex, race, colour, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, association with a national minority, property, birth or other status,

otherwise than by compliance with the relevant UN obligations.

(3) In this regulation, “the relevant UN obligations” means—

(a)

(a) the obligations that the United Kingdom has by virtue of paragraph 12 of resolution 2206 (asset-freeze)10to take the measures required by that provision in respect of persons11for the time being named for the purposes of that provision by the Security Council or the Committee;

(b)

(b) the obligations that the United Kingdom has by virtue of paragraph 12 of resolution 2206 (asset-freeze) in respect of persons—

(i) acting on behalf of or at the direction of, or

(ii) owned or controlled by,

the persons for the time being named by the Security Council or the Committee for the purposes of paragraph 12 of resolution 2206;

(c)

(c) the obligations that the United Kingdom has by virtue of paragraph 4 of resolution 2428 (arms embargo).

(4) In this regulation, any reference to the obligations that the United Kingdom has by virtue of paragraph 12 of resolution 2206 (asset-freeze) is to that provision read with—

(a)

(a) paragraphs 6 to 8 of resolution 2206;

(b)

(b) paragraphs 8 to 10 of resolution 2290;

(c)

(c) paragraphs 13 to 17 of resolution 2428.

2 Designation of persons

PART 2

Designation of persons

S-5 Power to designate persons

Power to designate persons

5.—(1) The Secretary of State may designate persons by name for the purposes of any of the following—

(a)

(a) regulations 12 to 16 (Finance); and

(b)

(b) regulation 18 (Immigration).

(2) The Secretary of State may designate different persons for the purposes of the provisions mentioned in each of the sub-paragraphs of paragraph (1).

S-6 Criteria for designating a person

Criteria for designating a person

6.—(1) The Secretary of State may not designate a person under regulation 5 unless the Secretary of State—

(a)

(a) has reasonable grounds to suspect that that person is an involved person, and

(b)

(b) considers that the designation of that person is appropriate, having regard to—

(i) the purposes stated in regulation 4, and

(ii) the likely significant effects of the designation on that person (as they appear to the Secretary of State to be on the basis of the information that the Secretary of State has).

(2) In this regulation an “involved person” means a person who—

(a)

(a) is or has been involved in a relevant activity,

(b)

(b) is owned or controlled directly or indirectly (within the meaning of regulation 7) by a person who is or has been so involved,

(c)

(c) is acting on behalf of or at the direction of a person who is or has been so involved, or

(d)

(d) is a member of, or associated with, a person who is or has been so involved.

(3) In this regulation a “relevant activity” means—

(a)

(a) the commission of a serious human rights violation or abuse in South Sudan;

(b)

(b) the commission of a violation of international humanitarian law in South Sudan;

(c)

(c) a breach of the ARCSS or R-ARCSS;

(d)

(d) an attack against, or obstruction of the activities of, diplomatic personnel in South Sudan or...

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