Towards sustainable indicators of food and nutritional outcomes in India

Published date04 April 2016
Date04 April 2016
AuthorA. Amarender Reddy,Ch. Radhika Rani,Timothy Cadman,Soora Naresh Kumar,Anugula N Reddy
Towards sustainable indicators
of food and nutritional outcomes
in India
A. Amarender Reddy
Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi, India
Ch. Radhika Rani
National Institute of Rural Development and Panchayati Raj,
Hyderabad, India
Timothy Cadman
Institute for Ethics, Governance and Law, Griffith University,
Nathan, Australia
Soora Naresh Kumar
Centre for Environment Science and Climate Resilient Agriculture,
Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi, India, and
Anugula N. Reddy
National University of Educational Planning and Administration,
New Delhi, India
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to measure performance of India in food and nutrition
security relative to other Asian countries like Bangladesh, China, Africa and also developed countries
from 1991 to 2016.
Design/methodology/approach The study is based on FAO food security indicators under four
dimensions, namely, food availability, access, stability and utilization. These indicators are further
categorized into determinants and outcome indicators of food security. A comprehensive fifteen
indicators are examined in depth.
Findings Food availability in terms of dietary calories and protein per capita was less in India
compared to even Africa and Bangladesh. However, food access indicators like road density is better, food
prices remain low and stable, which improved food access and stability. However, in utilization indicators,
access to water and sanitation remained low, anaemia among pregnant women and undernourishment
was relatively higherwhen even comparedto least developedcountries like Africaand Bangladesh.Depth
of food deficit(an indicator of severity of food deficit) was higher in India except Africa.
Research limitations/implications Future research should focus on policies for decreasing
undernourishment and anaemia and severity in depth of food deficit with focus on India.
Practical implications The results highlight the severity of food deficit and anaemia among women,
undernourishment andprovide benchmarkto monitor sustainabledevelopment goalsin zero hunger goal.
Originality/value This study examined the relative performance of India in various food and
nutrition security indicators in comparison to other countries.
Keywords India, Food security, Nutrition security, Sustainable development goals
Paper type Research paper
1. Introduction
Given the importance of food and nutritional security, the sustainable developmentgoals
(SDG) adopted by United Nations clearly sets specific goal to end food insecurity under
Goal 2 by 2030. The Goal 2 is End hunger,achieve food security and adequatenutrition
World Journal of Science,
Technology and Sustainable
Vol. 13 No. 2, 2016
pp. 128-142
©Emerald Group Publishing Limited
DOI 10.1108/WJSTSD-10-2015-0049
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