Twelve methods of money laundering

Published date02 May 2017
Date02 May 2017
AuthorFabian Maximilian Johannes Teichmann
Twelve methods of
money laundering
Fabian Maximilian Johannes Teichmann
Teichmann International AG, St. Gallen, Switzerland
Purpose This paper aims to discuss how feasible it is for intelligent criminals to circumvent existing
anti-money laundering mechanisms.
Design/methodology/approach Based upon ten informal interviews with money launderers and their
advisers; 18 formal, semi-standardized expert interviews with selected anti-money laundering specialists; and
a quantitative survey of 181 compliance ofcers, 12 effective methods to launder money have been developed.
Findings It has been found that gold, jewellery, raw diamonds, antiquities, art, real estate projects,
consulting rms, mergers and acquisitions, banks in Dubai, deposit boxes, private cash deals and currency
exchange ofces continue to be extraordinarily suitable tools for money laundering.
Originality/value The identication of gaps in anti-money laundering mechanisms is meant to provide
both compliance ofcers and legislators with valuable insights. While the existing literature focuses on
estimating the volume of money laundered in certain geographical areas and on the improvement of
anti-money laundering mechanisms, this paper describes how money launderers proceed to avoid getting
Keywords Money laundering, Panama papers
Paper type Research paper
The recent publication of the so-called “Panama Papers” has once again prompted politicians
all over the world to advocate for stricter anti-money laundering laws. Stricter laws are
commonly perceived to be an effective way to combat money laundering. This study
illustrates the ineffectiveness of current anti-money laundering mechanisms by discussing
12 very secure methods of laundering money in today’s world.
While the overwhelming majority of the existing literature focuses on anti-money
laundering mechanisms and attempts to estimate the volume of money being laundered in
certain areas of the world, it is the purpose of this study to show how intelligent money
launderers must proceed to minimize their risk of being caught. This study is meant to
provide both legislators and compliance experts with an improved understanding of the
mechanisms by which money is laundered. It is the author’s belief that a profound
understanding of a phenomenon must be developed before it can be successfully combatted.
Denition of money laundering
For the purpose of this study, the author uses the denition of money laundering contained
in article 305bis of the Swiss Criminal Code (2015). Money laundering is dened in that
provision as “any act that is aimed at frustrating the identication of the origin, the tracing
or the forfeiture of assets which are known or assumed to originate from a felony”. While it
is acknowledged that there are many other denitions which could be used, the author
believes that the denition contained in the Swiss Criminal Code includes all of the elements
No external research funding has been received for this article.
The current issue and full text archive of this journal is available on Emerald Insight at:
Journalof Money Laundering
Vol.20 No. 2, 2017
©Emerald Publishing Limited
DOI 10.1108/JMLC-05-2016-0018

To continue reading

Request your trial

VLEX uses login cookies to provide you with a better browsing experience. If you click on 'Accept' or continue browsing this site we consider that you accept our cookie policy. ACCEPT