V: International Relations/Relations Internationales

Published date01 December 2012
Date01 December 2012
Subject MatterAbstracts
2-maquette mise en page


(a) International law, organization and administration/Droit international, organisation et administration internationales

AĞIR, Bülent Sarper — Romanya'nin Avrupa Birliği

bütünleşme sürecinde Romen milliyetçilii ve etnik Macar
Vostočnoaziatskogo sammita i interesy SŠA (The inte-
azinliğin konumu (Romanian nationalism and the posi-
gration of East Asian summit countries and US inter-
tion of the ethnic Hungarian minority in the process of
ests). Mirovaja Ekonomika i meždunarodnye Otnošenija
Romania's EU integration). Uluslararasi Hukuk ve Politika
2012(5) : 65-70.
(Review of International Law and Politics) 30, 2012 : 125-148.
According to one scenario, by 2020 the creation of a free trade zone will
Central and Eastern European countries in transition to democracy and a
be possible in the region, yet for the moment none of the East Asian
market economy faced significant problems preserving and improving
countries aspires to such a goal. States within the region might, however,
minority group rights. Difficulties realizing necessary reforms contributed
aggravate prospects for regional cooperation by creating a multiplicity of
to strengthening radical nationalist parties. [However,] the ethnic Hungar-
two-sided and three-sided agreements with a limited number of partici-
ian minority in Romania [participated in] coalition governments, and
pants. Yet, perspectives for economic integration in the region depend
made demands without violence. Romanian radical nationalist political
not only on the degree of interrelatedness of local states, but also on the
parties tend to use discourses such as opposition to globalization, sup-
interests of countries like China, Japan, and South Korea, which domi-
porting the concept of welfare state and centralization of the state appa-
nate the region, as well as by US interests, which are capable of exercis-
ratus rather than xenophobia and exclusion of ethnic minorities. This
ing a serious influence on the course of integration processes in East
article addresses the relations of ethnic Hungarian minority with the
Romanian political system with reference to the EU integration process
and analyzes the rising of Romanian radical nationalism in a critical
perspective. [R, abr.]
ARATO, Julian — Constitutionality and constitutionalism
beyond the state: two perspectives on the material con-
stitution of the United Nations. International Journal of
AKTAR, Cengiz — The positive agenda and beyond: a
Constitutional Law 10(3), July 2012 : 627-659.
new beginning for the EU-Turkey relations? Insight Turkey
14(3), Summer 2012 : 35-43.
This article examines the competences of the UN Security Council under
the UN “constitution”, focusing in particular on its recent innovations in
What do Turkey's democratic transformation, its future EU membership
legislation. Certain critics decry Council legislation as unconstitutional,
and its growing position in the Middle East signify for a Europe which is
null and void. Apologists retort that the Charter delegates broad power to
experiencing severe difficulties in its relations with Islam? Answers to
the Council, and the impugned legislative resolutions fall well within the
these questions wil determine the EU's future policy towards Turkey
broad textual limitations on its competence. I propose an approach to
both as a candidate for membership and as a full partner of the EU. Only
constitutional analysis to help cut through this debate, based on distin-
after such a soul-searching can a new era of genuine partnership start
guishing between two perspectives on the “constitution” of an interna-
between Turkey and its future European partners. Recently the Euro-
tional organization: the juridical perspective emphasizing the transmis-
pean Commission, in consultation with Turkish authorities, the European
sion of validity in the creation, interpretation, and application of legal
Council, as well as members of Turkish civil society, has launched a new
norms; and the political perspective from which the ordering of power
initiative, the Positive Agenda. The objective is to revive the stalled
among the constituted bodies may be assessed in terms of legitimacy
relationship between the EU and Turkey by rebuilding confidence and
and justice. [R]
normalizing the process. [R, abr.]
AMBROSETTI, David — The diplomatic lead in the United
AYDIN, Umut ; THOMAS, Kenneth P. — The challenges
Nations Security Council and local actors' violence: the
and trajectories of EU competition policy in the twenty-
changing terms of a social position. African Security 5(2),
first century. Journal of European Integration 34(6), Sept.
Apr.-June 2012 : 63-87.
2012 : 531-547.
Inspired by interactionist and constructivist sociology, this paper focuses
Introduction to a thematic issue on "EU competition policy in the 21st
on the UN Security Council as an arena with its own social rules and
century". Articles by Thomas DOLEYS, "Managing state aid in a time of
bureaucratic routines. It presents the informal position that Security
crisis: Commission crisis communications and the financial sector bail-
Council diplomats delegate to specific members of the Council, the
out", pp. 549-566; Kenneth P. THOMAS, "EU control of state aid to mobil
position of “leader", when dealing with specific dossiers. Indeed, a
investment in comparative perspective", pp. 567-584; Fiona WISHLADE,
change occurred during the 1990s and the early 2000s in how Council
"When policy worlds col ide: tax competition, state aid, ad regional
diplomats considered the task of leading a United Nations peace opera-
economic development in the EU", pp. 585-602; Lee McGOWAN and
tion, notably in regard to the use of offensive military. The analysis of this
Eleanor J. MORGAN, "'Today's softness is tomorrow's nightmare':
change is documented with empirical material concerning the French
intensifying the fight against cartels in Brussels and Bonn", pp. 603-622;
leading position in the African Great Lakes region, from Rwanda in 1993
Angela WIGGER, "The political interface of financialisation and the
to Democratic Republic of the Congo in 2003. The new “leadership” role
regulation of mergers and acquisitions in the EU", pp. 623-642; Chad
cal s on UN diplomatic leaders to better protect the credibility of “their”
DAMRO and Terrence GUAY, "Transatlantic merger relations: the
peace operations. [R, abr.]
pursuit of cooperation and convergence", pp. 643-662; Umut AYDIN,
"Promoting competition: European Union and the global competition
order", pp. 663-681.
Thomas — How robust are compliance [with EU direc-
tives] findings? A research synthesis. Journal of European
BADEA-GUÉRITÉE, Julia — Aléas et caractéristiques de
Public Policy 19(8), 2012 : 1269-1291.
la politique européenne de voisinage — la Moldavie, un
élève modèle du partenariat oriental (Hazards and fea-
This study presents a synthesis of quantitative and qualitative research
tures of the European Neighborhood Policy — Moldova,
on compliance with EU directives. We identify and code 12 theoretical
a model pupil of the Eastern partnership). Revue du
arguments tested in 37 published compliance studies and evaluate the
Marché commun et de l'Union européenne 560, July-Aug.
robustness and representativeness of their findings. Our synthesis
2012 : 430-434. [Résumé en français]
reveals robust findings for the "goodness-of-fit" and "institutional deci-
sion-making" arguments, while results on 'actors' policy preferences" and
EU is similar to a doll made of one thousand parts. But also, on a very
"administrative efficiency" remain ambiguous. A closer examination of
large scale, Europe is neither a country nor a continent or a federation,
the studies' research design suggests policy and country selection
or union of states, but the application on a geopolitical map of the Ma-
effects. Specifically, most studies focus on environmental and social
tryoshka principle. Why? Because it is related to the stratification of
policies and rarely include complying Scandinavian states and non-
several goals. And we should ask ourselves not which is the need for a
complying Southern states. We therefore recommend a cautious inter-
Matryoshka-Europe, but for what Europe is NOT useful. Let us think of
pretation of existing compliance findings and, for future compliance
the [Eastern] Partnership and of the Neighborhood Policy which mean
research, a more careful selection of countries and policy fields. [R]
more cooperation or a mutual commitment to common values. [R, abr.]

Relations internationales
BAKER, Andrew — The "public interest" agency of inter-
BECKER, Peter — The European budget and the princi-
national organizations? The case of the OECD principles
ples of solidarity and added value. International Spectator
of corporate governance. Review of International Political
47(3), Sept. 2012 : 116-129.
Economy 19(3), Aug. 2012 : 389-414.
By presenting a proposal for the Multiannual Financial Framework
This article outlines and explores some of the conditions necessary for
(MFF), in June 2011, the European Commission started negotiations on

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