Analysis of effectiveness of dispute resolution council and expenses of the disputants in Mardan-Pakistan

Published date24 February 2022
Date24 February 2022
Subject MatterHealth & social care,Criminology & forensic psychology,Aggression,conflict & peace,Sociology,Gender studies,Gender violence,Political sociology,policy & social change,Social conflicts,War/peace
AuthorMuhammad Asad Jan,Bushra Hasan Jan,Shakeel Ahmad,Younas Khan
Analysis of effectiveness of dispute
resolution council and expenses of the
disputants in Mardan-Pakistan
Muhammad Asad Jan, Bushra Hasan Jan, Shakeel Ahmad and Younas Khan
Purpose The study was conducted with the primaryobjective of measuring the association between
the disputant’sexpenses and Dispute Resolution Council(DRC) effectiveness in the study area.
Design/methodology/approach The current study followeda quantitative research design. To obtain
the study objectives,data was collected from a sample of 387 respondentsin the selected three Tehsils
of District Mardan, Pakistan. The respondents were selected through multistage stratified random
sampling.At bivariateand multivariate level analyses, chi-square test and Gamma(
) test statisticswere
used to test the relationship betweenvariables (expenses of the disputants and effectiveness of DRC).
Gender,monthly income and literacy statuswere used as control variables at themultivariate level.
Findings At the bivariate levelanalysis, the study found a significantassociation (P = 0.05) of office of
DRC is easily accessible, DRCas a cost-effective justice system as compared to other,availability of a
vehicle to reach the DRC office and affordableamount for preparation of documents and filing the case
with the effectiveness of DRC. At the multivariate level, the study portrayed that the expenses of the
disputants enhance the effectiveness of DRC in males to a greater extent than females. However, the
costs of the disputants were a universal feature to explain the efficacy of DRC irrespective of monthly
incomeand literacy status.
Research limitations/implications The present study was limited to cost and expenditure of the
disputantswhich was associated with effectiveness of DRC withcollaboration of gender, monthly income
and literacy status. Moreover, a representation of‘‘387’’ was only selected but it was enough for validity
and reliabilityof the research dynamics.
Practical implications The current study is highly significant for the policymakers for devising
alternate policies for disputes resolution as the study focused on the cost and expenditure and
recommend suggestions that how to improve the effectiveness of DRC in easy and timely disposal of
Social implications The main objectivesof the study is to examine the association betweencost and
expenditure of the disputantand effectiveness of DRC. In addition, to measure the influence of gender,
income and literacy statuson the association between the association between cost andexpenditure of
the disputantand effectiveness of DRC.
Originality/value The currentstudy is highly significant for policymakersto devise alternatepolicies for
dispute resolution. The study focused on the cost and expenditure and recommendedsuggestions for
improvingthe effectiveness of DRC in easy and timelydisposal of disputes.
Keywords DRC effectiveness, Expenses, Disputants, Literacy status, Gender, Monthly income
Paper type Research paper
Social conflict is the natural and inevitable part of the social life of human beings. It can
occur daily and be observed in any situation in the life cycle. Conflict and dispute mostly
happen due to interpersonal relationships. Conflict and confrontation may include discord,
fight, brawl, clashes, negative discussions with anger and aggression, backbiting and
Muhammad Asad Jan and
Bushra Hasan Jan are both
based at the Department of
Rural Sociology, The
University of Agriculture
Peshawar, Peshawar,
Pakistan. Shakeel Ahmad is
based at the Department of
Social Work and Sociology,
Kohat University of Science
and Technology, Kohat,
Pakistan. Younas Khan is
based at Department of
Rural Sociology, The
University of Agriculture
Peshawar, Peshawar,
Pakistan, and Department
of Sociology and Political
Science, Bacha Khan
University Charsadda,
Charsadda, Pakistan.
Received 22 November 2021
Revised 13 December 2021
4 January 2022
17 January 2022
Accepted 17 January 2022
During this study,there was no
conflict of interest among
co-authors and with any other
published work. The authors
attest that the currentresearch
study is genuine and original
work. Further,this study is not
supported by any funding
PAGE 272 jJOURNAL OF AGGRESSION, CONFLICTAND PEACE RESEARCH jVOL. 14 NO. 3 2022, pp. 272-284, ©Emerald Publishing Limited, ISSN 1759-6599 DOI 10.1108/JACPR-11-2021-0651

To continue reading

Request your trial

VLEX uses login cookies to provide you with a better browsing experience. If you click on 'Accept' or continue browsing this site we consider that you accept our cookie policy. ACCEPT