Arbitration Act 1889
Arbitration Act, 1889.
(52 & 53 Vict.) CHAPTER 49.
An Act for amending and consolidating the Enactments relating to Arbitration.
[26th August 1889]
Be it enacted by the Queen's most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:
References by Consent out of Court.
1 Submission to be irrevocable, and to have effect as an order of court.
1. A submission, unless a contrary intention is expressed therein, shall be irrevocable, except by leave of the Court or a judge, and shall have the same effect in all respects as if it had been made an order of Court.
2 Provisions implied in submissions.
2. A submission, unless a contrary intention is expressed therein, shall be deemed to include the provisions set forth in the First Schedule to this Act, so far as they are applicable to the reference under the submission.
3 Reference to official referee.
3. Where a submission provides that the reference shall be to an official referee, any official referee to whom application is made shall, subject to any order of the Court or a judge as to transfer or otherwise, hear and determine the matters agreed to be referred.
4 Power to stay proceedings where there is a submission.
4. If any party to a submission, or any person claiming through or under him, commences any legal proceedings in any court against any other party to the submission, or any person claiming through or under him, in respect of any matter agreed to be referred, any party to such legal proceedings may at any time after appearance, and before delivering any pleadings or taking any other steps in the proceedings, apply to that court to stay the proceedings, and that court or a judge thereof if satisfied that there is no sufficient reason why the matter should not be referred in accordance with the submission, and that the applicant was, at the time when the proceedings were commenced, and still remains, ready and willing to do all things necessary to the proper conduct of the arbitration, may make an order staying the proceedings.
5 Power for the court in certain cases to appoint an arbitrator, umpire, or third arbitrator.
5. In any of the following cases:—
any party may serve the other parties or the arbitrators, as the case may be, with a written notice to appoint an arbitrator, umpire, or third arbitrator.
If the appointment is not made within seven clear days after the service of the notice, the Court or a judge may, on application by the party who gave the notice, appoint an arbitrator, umpire, or third arbitrator, who shall have the like powers to act in the reference and make an award as if he had been appointed by consent of all parties.
6 Power for parties in certain cases to supply vacancy.
6. Where a submission provides that the reference shall be to two arbitrators, one to be appointed by each party, then, unless the submission expresses a contrary intention—
Provided that the Court or a judge may set aside any appointment made in pursuance of this section.
7 Powers of arbitrator.
7. The arbitrators or umpire acting under a submission shall, unless the submission expresses a contrary intention, have power—
8 Witnesses may be summoned by subpoena.
8. Any party to a submission may sue out a writ of subpoena ad testificandum, or a writ of subpoena duces tecum, but no person shall be compelled under any such writ to produce any document which he could not be compelled to produce on the trial of an action.
9 Power to enlarge time for making award.
9. The time for making an award may from time to time be enlarged by order of the Court or a judge, whether the time for making the award has expired or not.
10 Power to remit award.
(1)10.—(1.) In all cases of reference to arbitration the Court or a judge may from time to time remit the matters referred, or any of them, to the reconsideration of the arbitrators or umpire.
(2) (2.) Where an award is remitted, the arbitrators or umpire shall, unless the order otherwise directs, make their award within three months after the date of the order.
11 Power to set aside award.
(1)11.—(1.) Where an arbitrator or umpire has misconducted himself, the Court may remove him.
(2) (2.) Where an arbitrator or umpire has misconducted himself, or an arbitration or award has been improperly procured, the Court may set the award aside.
12 Enforcing award.
12. An award on a submission may, by leave of the Court or a judge, be enforced in the same manner as a judgment or order to the same effect.
References under Order of Court.
13 Reference for report.
(1)13.—(1.) Subject to Rules of Court and to any right to have particular cases tried by a jury, the Court or a judge may refer any question arising in any cause or matter (other than a criminal proceeding by the Crown) for inquiry or report to any official or special referee.
(2) (2.) The report of an official or special referee may be adopted wholly or partially by the Court or a judge, and if so adopted may be enforced as a judgment or order to the same effect.
14 Power to refer in certain cases.
14. In any cause or matter (other than a criminal proceeding by the Crown),—
the Court or a judge may at any time order the whole cause or matter, or any question or issue of fact arising therein, to be tried before a special referee or arbitrator respectively agreed on by the parties, or before an official referee or officer of the Court.
15 Powers and remuneration of referees and arbitrators.
(1)15.—(1.) In all cases of reference to an official or special referee or arbitrator under an order of the Court or a judge in any cause or matter, the official or special referee or arbitrator shall be deemed to be an officer of the Court, and shall have such authority, and shall conduct the reference in such manner, as may be prescribed by Rules of Court, and subject thereto as the Court or a judge may direct.
(2) (2.) The report or award of any official or special referee or...
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