Arbitration Act 1889

JurisdictionUK Non-devolved
Citation1889 c. 49


Arbitration Act, 1889.

(52 & 53 Vict.) CHAPTER 49.

An Act for amending and consolidating the Enactments relating to Arbitration.

[26th August 1889]

Be it enacted by the Queen's most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:

References by Consent out of Court.

References by Consent out of Court.

S-1 Submission to be irrevocable, and to have effect as an order of court.

1 Submission to be irrevocable, and to have effect as an order of court.

1. A submission, unless a contrary intention is expressed therein, shall be irrevocable, except by leave of the Court or a judge, and shall have the same effect in all respects as if it had been made an order of Court.

S-2 Provisions implied in submissions.

2 Provisions implied in submissions.

2. A submission, unless a contrary intention is expressed therein, shall be deemed to include the provisions set forth in the First Schedule to this Act, so far as they are applicable to the reference under the submission.

S-3 Reference to official referee.

3 Reference to official referee.

3. Where a submission provides that the reference shall be to an official referee, any official referee to whom application is made shall, subject to any order of the Court or a judge as to transfer or otherwise, hear and determine the matters agreed to be referred.

S-4 Power to stay proceedings where there is a submission.

4 Power to stay proceedings where there is a submission.

4. If any party to a submission, or any person claiming through or under him, commences any legal proceedings in any court against any other party to the submission, or any person claiming through or under him, in respect of any matter agreed to be referred, any party to such legal proceedings may at any time after appearance, and before delivering any pleadings or taking any other steps in the proceedings, apply to that court to stay the proceedings, and that court or a judge thereof if satisfied that there is no sufficient reason why the matter should not be referred in accordance with the submission, and that the applicant was, at the time when the proceedings were commenced, and still remains, ready and willing to do all things necessary to the proper conduct of the arbitration, may make an order staying the proceedings.

S-5 Power for the court in certain cases to appoint an arbitrator, umpire, or third arbitrator.

5 Power for the court in certain cases to appoint an arbitrator, umpire, or third arbitrator.

5. In any of the following cases:—

a .) Where a submission provides that the reference shall be to a single arbitrator, and all the parties do not after differences have arisen concur in the appointment of an arbitrator
b .) If an appointed arbitrator refuses to act, or is incapable of acting, or dies, and the submission does not show that it was intended that the vacancy should not be supplied, and the parties do not supply the vacancy
c .) Where the parties or two arbitrators are at liberty to appoint an umpire or third arbitrator and do not appoint him
d .) Where an appointed umpire or third arbitrator refuses to act, or is incapable of acting, or dies, and the submission does not show that it was intended that the vacancy should not be supplied, and the parties or arbitrators do not supply the vacancy:

any party may serve the other parties or the arbitrators, as the case may be, with a written notice to appoint an arbitrator, umpire, or third arbitrator.

If the appointment is not made within seven clear days after the service of the notice, the Court or a judge may, on application by the party who gave the notice, appoint an arbitrator, umpire, or third arbitrator, who shall have the like powers to act in the reference and make an award as if he had been appointed by consent of all parties.

S-6 Power for parties in certain cases to supply vacancy.

6 Power for parties in certain cases to supply vacancy.

6. Where a submission provides that the reference shall be to two arbitrators, one to be appointed by each party, then, unless the submission expresses a contrary intention—

a .) If either of the appointed arbitrators refuses to act, or is incapable of acting, or dies, the party who appointed him may appoint a new arbitrator in his place;
b .) If, on such a reference, one party fails to appoint an arbitrator, either originally or by way of substitution as aforesaid, for seven clear days after the other party, having appointed his arbitrator, has served the party making default with notice to make the appointment, the party who has appointed an arbitrator may appoint that arbitrator to act as sole arbitrator in the reference, and his award shall be binding on both parties as if he had been appointed by consent:

Provided that the Court or a judge may set aside any appointment made in pursuance of this section.

S-7 Powers of arbitrator.

7 Powers of arbitrator.

7. The arbitrators or umpire acting under a submission shall, unless the submission expresses a contrary intention, have power—

a .) to administer oaths to or take the affirmations of the parties and witnesses appearing; and
b .) to state an award as to the whole or part thereof in the form of a special case for the opinion of the Court; and
c .) to correct in an award any clerical mistake or error arising from any accidental slip or omission.
S-8 Witnesses may be summoned by subpoena.

8 Witnesses may be summoned by subpoena.

8. Any party to a submission may sue out a writ of subpoena ad testificandum, or a writ of subpoena duces tecum, but no person shall be compelled under any such writ to produce any document which he could not be compelled to produce on the trial of an action.

S-9 Power to enlarge time for making award.

9 Power to enlarge time for making award.

9. The time for making an award may from time to time be enlarged by order of the Court or a judge, whether the time for making the award has expired or not.

S-10 Power to remit award.

10 Power to remit award.

(1)10.—(1.) In all cases of reference to arbitration the Court or a judge may from time to time remit the matters referred, or any of them, to the reconsideration of the arbitrators or umpire.

(2) (2.) Where an award is remitted, the arbitrators or umpire shall, unless the order otherwise directs, make their award within three months after the date of the order.

S-11 Power to set aside award.

11 Power to set aside award.

(1)11.—(1.) Where an arbitrator or umpire has misconducted himself, the Court may remove him.

(2) (2.) Where an arbitrator or umpire has misconducted himself, or an arbitration or award has been improperly procured, the Court may set the award aside.

S-12 Enforcing award.

12 Enforcing award.

12. An award on a submission may, by leave of the Court or a judge, be enforced in the same manner as a judgment or order to the same effect.

References under Order of Court.

References under Order of Court.

S-13 Reference for report.

13 Reference for report.

(1)13.—(1.) Subject to Rules of Court and to any right to have particular cases tried by a jury, the Court or a judge may refer any question arising in any cause or matter (other than a criminal proceeding by the Crown) for inquiry or report to any official or special referee.

(2) (2.) The report of an official or special referee may be adopted wholly or partially by the Court or a judge, and if so adopted may be enforced as a judgment or order to the same effect.

S-14 Power to refer in certain cases.

14 Power to refer in certain cases.

14. In any cause or matter (other than a criminal proceeding by the Crown),—

a .) If all the parties interested who are not under disability consent: or
b .) If the cause or matter requires any prolonged examination of documents or any scientific or local investigation which cannot in the opinion of the Court or a judge conveniently be made before a jury or conducted by the Court through its other ordinary officers: or,
c .) If the question in dispute consists wholly or in part of matters of account;

the Court or a judge may at any time order the whole cause or matter, or any question or issue of fact arising therein, to be tried before a special referee or arbitrator respectively agreed on by the parties, or before an official referee or officer of the Court.

S-15 Powers and remuneration of referees and arbitrators.

15 Powers and remuneration of referees and arbitrators.

(1)15.—(1.) In all cases of reference to an official or special referee or arbitrator under an order of the Court or a judge in any cause or matter, the official or special...

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