Banality of Evil Meets Unity of Purpose: Criminological Similarities between Italian Mafia Groups and International Crimes

Author:Maria Vittoria Salvatori
Banality of Evil Meets Unity of Purpose:
Criminological Similarities between Italian
Mafia Groups and International Crimes
Maria Vittoria Salvatori
This paper analyses the parallels between
international extraordinary crimes and ordinary
group crimes such as organised crime, using
mafia-like associations in Italy. The first half of
the work establishes criminological similarities
between the two types of crimes. The second
chapter explores how these characteristics have
led to notable shortfalls in international criminal
law, as well as the reforms proposed by scholars
in the field to remedy them. The final chapter
turns to the successes of Italian antimafia,
achieved through a combination of direct legal
measures and indirect social policies. While
much of the shortfall in international criminal
law is due to being a relatively new field largely
imprinted on legalistic criminal systems used on
a national scale, it would benefit from a dialogue
with national systems designed to fight organised
crime in light of their similar criminological
challenges.
144 SLJ 6(1)
Table of Abbreviations
Art.
Article
Cass.
Corte di Cassazione
(Cassation Court, the Italian Supreme Court)
Corte
Cost.
Corte Costituzionale
(Italian Constitutional Court)
CP
Codice Penale (Italian Criminal Code)
CPT
European Committee for the Prevention of Torture
and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
DDA
Direzione Distrettuale Antimafia
(District-level Anti-Mafia Directorate)
DIA
Direzione Investigativa Antimafia
(Anti-Mafia Investigative Agency)
DNA
Direzione Nazionale Antimafia
(National Anti-Mafia Directorate)
DRC
Democratic Republic of Congo
ECHR
European Convention on Human Rights
ECtHR
European Court of Human Rights
ICC
International Criminal Court
ICL
International Criminal Law
Italian Mafia Groups and International Crimes 145
ICTR
International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda
ICTY
International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia
IMT
International Military Tribunal
JCE
Joint Criminal Enterprise
PON
Programma Operativo Nazionale
(Operative National Programme)
Sent.
Sentence
UN
United Nations
UNSC
United Nations Security Council
WWII
World War II

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