Burial Act 1852

Anno Regni VICTORI, Britanniarum Regin,Decimo Quinto & Decimo Sexto. An Act to amend the Laws concerning the Burial of the Dead in the Metropolis.

(15 & 16 Vict.) C A P. LXXXV.

[1st July 1852]

'WHEREAS it is expedient to repeal ‘The Metropolitan Interments Act, 1850,’ and to make such other Provision as herein-after mentioned in relation to Interments in and near the Metropolis:' Be it therefore enacted by the Queen's most Excellent Majesty, by and with the Advice and Consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the Authority of the same, as follows:

S-I Recited Act repealed, and Her Majesty may continue additional Member of Board.

I Recited Act repealed, and Her Majesty may continue additional Member of Board.

I. The said Act shall be repealed: Provided always, that it shall be lawful for Her Majesty to continue during the Continuance of the General Board of Health the Appointment of the additional Member of such Board authorized by the said Act, and the Salary of such Member, fixed as in the said Act mentioned, shall be paid as by Section Seven of the Public Health Act, 1848, is directed concerning the Salaries therein mentioned.

S-II On Representation of Secretary of State, Her Majesty in Council may order Discontinuance of Burials in any Part of the Metropolis.

II On Representation of Secretary of State, Her Majesty in Council may order Discontinuance of Burials in any Part of the Metropolis.

II. In case it appear to Her Majesty in Council, upon the Representation of One of Her Majesty's Principal Secretaries of State, that for the Protection of the Public Health Burials in any Part or Parts of the Metropolis, or in any Burial Grounds or Places of Burial in the Metropolis, should be wholly discontinued, or should be discontinued subject to any Exception or Qualification, it shall be lawful for Her Majesty, by and with the Advice of Her Privy Council, to order that after a Time mentioned in the Order Burials in such Part or Parts of the Metropolis or in such Burial Grounds or Places of Burial shall be discontinued wholly, or subject to any Exceptions or Qualifications mentioned in such Order, and so from Time to Time as Circumstances may require; provided that Notice of such Representation, and of the Time when it shall please Her Majesty to order the same to be taken into consideration by the Privy Council, shall be published in theLondon Gazette , and shall be affixed on the Doors of the Churches or Chapels of the Parishes in which any Burial Grounds or Places of Burial affected by such Representation shall be situate, or on some other conspicuous Places within the Part or Parts of the Metropolis affected by such Representation, One Calendar Month, or where any Order made under ‘The Nuisances Removal and Diseases Prevention Act, 1848,’ directing the Provisions of that Act for the Prevention of epidemic, endemic, and contagious Diseases to be put in force, is in force within such Part or Parts, then Seven Days at the least before such Representation is so considered: Provided always, that no such Representation shall be made in relation to the Burial Ground of any Parish until Ten Days previous Notice of the Intention to make such Representation shall have been given to the Incumbent and the Vestry Clerk of such Parish.

S-III Order not to extend to Burial Grounds of Quakers or Jews, unless expressly included.

III Order not to extend to Burial Grounds of Quakers or Jews, unless expressly included.

III. No such Order in Council as aforesaid shall be deemed to extend to any Burial Ground of the People called Quakers, or of the Persons of the Jewish Persuasion, used solely for the Burial of the Bodies of such People and Persons respectively, unless the same be expressly mentioned in such Order; and nothing in this Act shall prevent the Burial in any such Burial Ground in which for the Time being Interment is not required to be discontinued of the Bodies of such People and Persons respectively; and no such Order in Council as aforesaid shall be deemed to extend to any non-parochial Burial Ground being the Property of any private Person, unless the same be expressly mentioned in such Order.

S-IV Burial not to take place after Order in Council for Discontinuance.

IV Burial not to take place after Order in Council for Discontinuance.

IV. It shall not be lawful, after the Time mentioned in any such Order in Council for the Discontinuance of Burials, to bury the Dead in any Church, Chapel, Churchyard, or Burial Place, or elsewhere, within the Part or Parts of the Metropolis or in the Burial Grounds or Places of Burial (as the Case may be) in which Burials have by any such Order been ordered to be discontinued, except as in this Act or in such Order excepted; and every Person who shall, after such Time as aforesaid, bury any Body, or in anywise act or assist in the Burial of any Body, contrary to this Enactment, shall be guilty of a Misdemeanor.

S-V Restriction as to Place of Burial of Inhabitants of Parishes, the Burial Grounds whereof are closed.

V Restriction as to Place of Burial of Inhabitants of Parishes, the Burial Grounds whereof are closed.

V. After the Time from which Burials in any Place of Burial of any Parish are required under this Act to be discontinued, the Body of any Parishioner or Inhabitant of such Parish shall not be buried in any Burial Ground within the Metropolis belonging to any other Parish within the Metropolis, save where the Body of any of the Family or Relatives of such Parishioner or Inhabitant has been interred in such Burial Ground, and the Relatives or other Persons having the Care and Direction of the Funeral signify a Desire that on that Account the Body of such Parishioner or Inhabitant should be there interred (such Burial Ground not being a Burial Ground in which Burials have been ordered to be discontinued under this Act), and save as herein otherwise provided; and every Person having the Care or Control of any Burial Ground who knowingly authorizes or permits any Burial therein contrary to this Enactment shall be guilty of a Misdemeanor.

S-VI Saving of certain Rights to bury in Vaults, &c.

VI Saving of certain Rights to bury in Vaults, &c.

VI. Provided always, that notwithstanding any such Order in Council, where by virtue of any Faculty legally granted, or by Usage or otherwise, there is at the Time of the passing of this Act any Right of Interment in or under any Church or Chapel affected by such Order, or in any Vault of any such Church or Chapel, or of any Churchyard or Burial Ground affected by such Order, and where any exclusive Right of Interment in any such Burial Ground has been purchased or acquired before the passing of this Act, it shall be lawful for One of Her Majesty's Principal Secretaries of State from Time to Time, on Application being made to him, and on being satisfied that the Exercise of such Right will not be injurious to Health, to grant Licence for the Exercise of such Right during such Time and subject to such Conditions and Restrictions as such Secretary of State may think fit, but such Licence shall not prejudice or in anywise affect the Authority of the Ordinary, or of any other Person who, if this Act had not been passed, might have prohibited or controlled Interment under such Right, nor dispense with any Consent which would have been required, nor otherwise give to such Right any greater Force or Effect than the same would have had if this Act had not been passed.

S-VII As to Cemeteries in Schedule \(B.) and certain new Burial Grounds;

VII As to Cemeteries in Schedule \(B.) and certain new Burial Grounds;

VII. The Provisions of this Act shall not extend to authorize the Discontinuance of Burials, or to prevent the Burial of the Body of any Person in any of the Cemeteries mentioned in the Schedule (B.) to this Act, or in any Burial Ground or Cemetery to be hereafter provided with the Approval of One of Her Majesty's Principal Secretaries of State, as herein mentioned.

S-VIII as to St. Paul's Cathedral and Westminster Abbey.

VIII as to St. Paul's Cathedral and Westminster Abbey.

VIII. Nothing in this Act contained shall extend to prevent the Interment in the Cathedral Church ofSaint Paul's London , or in the Collegiate Church of Saint Peter's Westminster , of the Body of any Person, where Her Majesty, by any Writing under Her Royal Sign Manual, shall signify Her Pleasure that the Body be so interred.

S-IX As to new Burial Grounds in Metropolis.

IX As to new Burial Grounds in Metropolis.

IX. No new Burial Ground or Cemetery (parochial or non-parochial) shall be provided and used in the Metropolis, or within Two Miles of any Part thereof, without the previous Approval of One of Her Majesty's Principal Secretaries of State.

S-X Churchwardens, after Order, or at any Time, upon Requisition of Ten Ratepayers, to convene Vestry Meeting, to determine whether a Burial Ground shall be provided.

X Churchwardens, after Order, or at any Time, upon Requisition of Ten Ratepayers, to convene Vestry Meeting, to determine whether a Burial Ground shall be provided.

X. Upon the Requisition in Writing of Ten or more Ratepayers of any Parish in the Metropolis in which the Place or Places of Burial shall appear to such Ratepayers insufficient or dangerous to Health (and whether any Order in Council in relation to any Burial Ground in such...

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