Forgery Act 1913

JurisdictionUK Non-devolved
Citation1913 c. 27


Forgery Act, 1913

(3 & 4 Geo. 5.) CHAPTER 27.

An Act to consolidate, simplify, and amend the Law relating to Forgery and kindred Offences.

[15th August 1913]

Be it enacted by the King's most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:

S-1 Definition of forgery.

1 Definition of forgery.

(1) For the purposes of this Act, forgery is the making of a false document in order that it may be used as genuine, and in the case of the seals and dies mentioned in this Act the counterfeiting of a seal or die, and forgery with intent to defraud or deceive, as the case may be, is punishable as in this Act provided.

(2) A document is false within the meaning of this Act if the whole or any material part thereof purports to be made by or on behalf or on account of a person who did not make it nor authorise its making; or if, though made by or on behalf or on account of the person by whom or by whose authority it purports to have been made, the time or place of making, where either is material, or, in the case of a document identified by number or mark, the number or any distinguishing mark identifying the document, is falsely stated therein; and in particular a document is false:—

(a ) if any material alteration, whether by addition, insertion, obliteration, erasure, removal, or otherwise, has been made therein;

(b ) if the whole or some material part of it purports to be made by or on behalf of a fictitious or deceased person;

(c ) if, though made in the name of an existing person, it is made by him or by his authority with the intention that it should pass as having been made by some person, real or fictitious, other than the person who made or authorised it.

(3) For the purposes of this Act—

(a ) it is immaterial in what language a document is expressed or in what place within or without the King's dominions it is expressed to take effect;

(b ) Forgery of a document may be complete even if the document when forged is incomplete, or is not or does not purport to be such a document as would be binding or sufficient in law;

(c ) The crossing on any cheque, draft on a banker, post-office money order, postal order, coupon, or other document the crossing of which is authorised or recognised by law, shall be a material part of such cheque, draft, order, coupon, or document.

S-2 Forgery of certain documents with intent to defraud.

2 Forgery of certain documents with intent to defraud.

(1) Forgery of the following documents, if committed with intent to defraud, shall be felony and punishable with penal servitude for life:—

(a ) Any will, codicil, or other testamentary document, either of a dead or of a living person, or any probate or letters of administration, whether with or without the will annexed;

(b ) Any deed or bond, or any assignment at law or in equity of any deed or bond, or any attestation of the execution of any deed or bond;

(c ) Any bank note, or any indorsement on or assignment of any bank note.

(2) Forgery of the following documents, if committed with intent to defraud, shall be felony and punishable with penal servitude for any term not exceeding fourteen years:—

(a ) Any valuable security or assignment thereof or endorsement thereon, or, where the valuable security is a bill of exchange, any acceptance thereof;

(b ) Any document of title to lands or any assignment thereof or endorsement thereon;

(c ) Any document of title to goods or any assignment thereof or endorsement thereon;

(d ) Any power of attorney or other authority to transfer any share or interest in any stock, annuity, or public fund of the United Kingdom or any part of His Majesty's dominions or of any foreign state or country or to transfer any share or interest in the debt of any public body, company, or society, British or foreign, or in the capital stock of any such company or society, or to receive any dividend or money payable in respect of such share or interest or any attestation of any such power of attorney or other authority;

(e ) Any entry in any book or register which is evidence of the title of any person to any share or interest hereinbefore mentioned or to any dividend or interest payable in respect thereof;

(f ) Any policy of insurance or any assignment thereof or endorsement thereon;

(g ) Any charter-party or any assignment thereof;

(h ) Any declaration, warrant, order, affidavit, affirmation, certificate, or other document required or authorised to be made by or for the purposes of the Government Annuities Act, 1829, or the Government Annuities Act, 1832 , or by the National Debt Commissioners acting under the authority of the said Acts;

(i ) Any certificate of the Commissioners of Inland Revenue or any other Commissioners acting in execution of the Income Tax Acts;

(j ) Any certificate, certificate of valuation, sentence or decree of condemnation or restitution, or any copy of such sentence or decree, or any receipt required by the Slave Trade Acts.

S-3 Forgery of certain documents with intent to defraud or deceive.

3 Forgery of certain documents with intent to defraud or deceive.

(1) Forgery of the following documents, if committed with intent to defraud or deceive, shall be felony, and punishable with penal servitude for life:—

Any document whatsoever having thereupon or affixed thereto the stamp or impression of the Great Seal of the United Kingdom, His Majesty's Privy Seal, any privy signet of His Majesty, His Majesty's Royal Sign Manual, any of His Majesty's seals appointed by the Twenty-fourth Article of the Union between England and Scotland to be kept, used, and continued in Scotland, the Great Seal of Ireland or the Privy Seal of Ireland.

(2) Forgery of the following documents, if committed with intent to defraud or deceive, shall be felony, and punishable with penal servitude for any term not exceeding fourteen years:—

(a ) Any register or record of births, baptisms, namings, dedications, marriages, deaths, burials, or cremations, which now is, or hereafter may be, by law authorised or required to be kept in the United Kingdom, relating to any birth, baptism, naming, dedication, marriage, death, burial, or cremation, or any part of any such register, or any certified copy of any such register, or of any part thereof;

(b ) Any copy of any register of baptisms, marriages, burials, or cremations, directed or required by law to be transmitted to any registrar or other officer;

(c ) Any register of the birth, baptism, death, burial, or cremation of any person to be appointed a nominee under the provisions of the Government Annuities Act, 1829, or any copy or certificate of any such register, or the name of any witness to any such certificate;

(d ) Any certified copy of a record purporting to be signed by an assistant keeper of the Public Records in England;

(e ) Any wrapper or label provided by or under the authority of the Commissioners of Inland Revenue or the Commissioners of Customs and Excise.

(3) Forgery of the following documents, if committed with intent to defraud or deceive, shall be felony, and punishable with penal servitude for any term not exceeding seven years:—

(a ) Any official document whatsoever of or belonging to any court of justice, or made or issued by any judge, magistrate, officer, or clerk of any such court;

(b ) Any register or book kept under the provisions of any law in or under the authority of any court of justice;

(c ) Any certificate, office copy, or certified copy of any such document, register, or book or of any part thereof;

(d ) Any document which any magistrate or any master or registrar in lunacy is authorised or required by law to make or issue;

(e ) Any document which any person authorised to administer an oath under the Commissioners for Oaths Act, 1889 , is authorised or required by law to make or issue;

(f ) Any document made or issued by an officer of state or law officer of the Crown, or any document upon which, by the law or usage at the time in force, any court of justice or any officer might act;

(g ) Any document or copy of a document used or intended to be used in evidence in any Court of Record, or any document which is made evidence by law;

(h ) Any certificate required by any Act for the celebration of marriage;

(i ) Any licence for the celebration of marriage which may be given by law;

(j ) Any certificate, declaration, or order under any enactment relating to the registration of births or deaths;

(k ) Any register book, builder's certificate, surveyor's certificate, certificate of registry, declaration, bill of sale, instrument of mortgage, or certificate of mortgage or sale under Part I. of the Merchant Shipping Act, 1894 , or any entry or endorsement required by the said Part of the said Act to be made in or on any of those documents;

(l ) Any permit, certificate, or similar document made or granted by or under the authority of the Commissioners of Customs and Excise.

S-4 Forgery of other documents with intent to defraud or to deceive a misdemeanour.

4 Forgery of other documents with intent to defraud or to deceive a misdemeanour.

(1) Forgery of any document, which is not made felony under this or any other statute for the time being in force, if committed with intent to defraud, shall be a misdemeanour and punishable with imprisonment with or without hard labour for any term not exceeding two years.

(2) Forgery of any public document which is not made felony under this or any other statute for the time being in force, if committed with intent to defraud or deceive, shall be a misdemeanour and punishable with imprisonment with or without hard labour for any term not exceeding two years.

S-5 Forgery of...

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