Lifting Operations and Lifting Equipment Regulations 1998

JurisdictionUK Non-devolved
CitationSI 1998/2307

1998 No. 2307

HEALTH AND SAFETY

The Lifting Operations and Lifting Equipment Regulations 1998

Made 15th September 1998

Laid before Parliament 25th September 1998

Coming into force 5th December 1998

The Secretary of State, in exercise of the powers conferred on him by sections 15(1), (2), (3)(a) and (5)(b), 49 and 82(3)(a) of, and paragraphs 1(1), (2) and (3), 14, 15(1) and 16 of Schedule 3 to, the Health and Safety at Work etc. Act 19741(“the 1974 Act”) and of all other powers enabling him in that behalf and for the purpose of giving effect without modifications to proposals submitted to him by the Health and Safety Commission under section 11(2)(d) of the 1974 Act after the carrying out by the said Commission of consultations in accordance with section 50(3) of that Act, hereby makes the following Regulations:

S-1 Citation and commencement

Citation and commencement

1. These Regulations may be cited as the Lifting Operations and Lifting Equipment Regulations 1998 and shall come into force on 5th December 1998.

S-2 Interpretation

Interpretation

2.—(1) In these Regulations, unless the context otherwise requires—

the 1974 Act” means the Health and Safety at Work etc. Act 1974;

“the 1992 Regulations” means the Supply of Machinery (Safety) Regulations 19922;

“accessory for lifting” means work equipment for attaching loads to machinery for lifting;

“EC declaration of conformity” means a declaration which complies with—

(a) regulation 22 of the 1992 Regulations;

(b) Article 12.1 of Council Directive 89/686/EEC3on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to personal protective equipment; or

(c) regulation 8(2)(d) of the Lifts Regulations 19974;

“employer” except in regulation 3(2) and (3) includes a person to whom the requirements imposed by these Regulations apply by virtue of regulation 3(3)(a) and (b);

“essential requirements” has the same meaning as in the Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations 19985;

“examination scheme” means a suitable scheme drawn up by a competent person for such thorough examinations of lifting equipment at such intervals as may be appropriate for the purpose described in regulation 9(3);

“the Executive” means the Health and Safety Executive;

“lifting equipment” means work equipment for lifting or lowering loads and includes its attachments used for anchoring, fixing or supporting it;

“lifting operation” has the meaning given in regulation 8(2);

“load” includes a person;

“thorough examination” in relation to a thorough examination under paragraph (1), (2) or (3) of regulation 9—

(a) means a thorough examination by a competent person;

(b) where it is appropriate to carry out testing for the purpose described in the paragraph, includes such testing by a competent person as is appropriate for the purpose,

and “thoroughly examined” shall be construed accordingly;

“work equipment” means any machinery, appliance, apparatus, tool or installation for use at work (whether exclusively or not).

(2) Unless the context otherwise requires, any reference in these Regulations to—

(a)

(a) a numbered regulation or Schedule is a reference to the regulation or Schedule in these Regulations so numbered; and

(b)

(b) a numbered paragraph is a reference to the paragraph so numbered in the regulation or Schedule in which the reference appears.

S-3 Application

Application

3.—(1) These Regulations shall apply—

(a)

(a) in Great Britain; and

(b)

(b) outside Great Britain as sections 1 to 59 and 80 to 82 of the 1974 Act apply by virtue of the Health and Safety at Work etc. Act 1974 (Application outside Great Britain) Order 19956(“the 1995 Order”).

(2) The requirements imposed by these Regulations on an employer in respect of lifting equipment shall apply in relation to lifting equipment provided for use or used by an employee of his at work.

(3) The requirements imposed by these Regulations on an employer shall also apply—

(a)

(a) to a self-employed person, in respect of lifting equipment he uses at work;

(b)

(b) subject to paragraph (5), to a person who has control to any extent of—

(i) lifting equipment;

(ii) a person at work who uses or supervises or manages the use of lifting equipment; or

(iii) the way in which lifting equipment is used,

and to the extent of his control.

(4) Any reference in paragraph (5)(b) to a person having control is a reference to a person having control in connection with the carrying on by him of a trade, business or other undertaking (whether for profit or not).

(5) The requirements imposed by these Regulations on an employer shall not apply to a person in respect of lifting equipment supplied by him by way of sale, agreement for sale or hire-purchase agreement.

(6) Subject to paragraphs (7) to (10), these Regulations shall not impose any obligation in relation to a ship’s work equipment (whether that equipment is used on or off the ship).

(7) Where merchant shipping requirements are applicable to a ship’s work equipment, paragraph (6) shall relieve the shore employer of his obligations under these Regulations in respect of that equipment only where he has taken all reasonable steps to satisfy himself that the merchant shipping requirements are being complied with in respect of that equipment.

(8) In a case where the merchant shipping requirements are not applicable to the ship’s work equipment by reason only that for the time being there is no master, crew or watchman on the ship, those requirements shall nevertheless be treated for the purpose of paragraph (7) as if they were applicable.

(9) Where the ship’s work equipment is used in a specified operation paragraph (6) shall not apply to regulations 6 and 8 (each as applied by regulation 3).

(10) Paragraph (6) does not apply to a ship’s work equipment provided for use or used in an activity (whether carried on in or outside Great Britain) specified in the 1995 Order save that it does apply to—

(a)

(a) the loading, unloading, fuelling or provisioning of the ship; or

(b)

(b) the construction, reconstruction, finishing, refitting, repair, maintenance, cleaning or breaking up of the ship.

(11) In this regulation—

“master” has the meaning assigned to it by section 313(1) of the Merchant Shipping Act 19957;

“merchant shipping requirements” means the requirements of regulations 3 and 4 of the Merchant Shipping (Guarding of Machinery and Safety of Electrical Equipment) Regulations 19888and regulations 5 to 10 of the Merchant Shipping (Hatches and Lifting Plant) Regulations 19889;

“ship” has the meaning assigned to it by section 313(1) of the Merchant Shipping Act 1995 save that it does not include an offshore installation;

“shore employer” means an employer of persons (other than the master and crew of any ship) who are engaged in a specified operation;

“specified operation” means an operation in which the ship’s work equipment is used—

(a) by persons other than the master and crew; or

(b) where persons other than the master and crew are liable to be exposed to a risk to their health or safety from its use.

S-4 Strength and stability

Strength and stability

4. Every employer shall ensure that—

(a) lifting equipment is of adequate strength and stability for each load, having regard in particular to the stress induced at its mounting or fixing point;

(b) every part of a load and anything attached to it and used in lifting it is of adequate strength.

S-5 Lifting equipment for lifting persons

Lifting equipment for lifting persons

5.—(1) Every employer shall ensure that lifting equipment for lifting persons—

(a)

(a) subject to sub-paragraph (b), is such as to prevent a person using it being crushed, trapped or struck or falling from the carrier;

(b)

(b) is such as to prevent so far as is reasonably practicable a person using it, while carrying out activities from the carrier, being crushed, trapped or struck or falling from the carrier;

(c)

(c) subject to paragraph (2), has suitable devices to prevent the risk of a carrier falling;

(d)

(d) is such that a person trapped in any carrier is not thereby exposed to danger and can be freed.

(2) Every employer shall ensure that if the risk described in paragraph (1)(c) cannot be prevented for reasons inherent in the site and height differences—

(a)

(a) the carrier has an enhanced safety coefficient suspension rope or chain; and

(b)

(b) the rope or chain is inspected by a competent person every working day.

S-6 Positioning and installation

Positioning and installation

6.—(1) Every employer shall ensure that lifting equipment is positioned or installed in such a way as to reduce to as low as is reasonably practicable the risk—

(a)

(a) of the lifting equipment or a load striking a person; or

(b)

(b) from a load—

(i) drifting;

(ii) falling freely; or

(iii) being released unintentionally;

and it is otherwise safe.

(2) Every employer shall ensure that there are suitable devices to prevent a person from falling down a shaft or hoistway.

S-7 Marking of lifting equipment

Marking of lifting equipment

7. Every employer shall ensure that—

(a) subject to sub-paragraph (b), machinery and accessories for lifting loads are clearly marked to indicate their safe working loads;

(b) where the safe working load of machinery for lifting loads depends on its configuration—

(i) the machinery is clearly marked to indicate its safe working load for each configuration; or

(ii) information which clearly indicates its safe working load for each configuration is kept with the machinery;

(c) accessories for lifting are also marked in such a way that it is possible to identify the characteristics necessary for their safe use;

(d) lifting equipment which is designed for lifting persons is appropriately and clearly marked to this effect; and

(e) lifting equipment which is not designed for lifting persons but which might be so used in error is appropriately and clearly marked to the effect that it is not designed for lifting persons.

S-8 Organisation of lifting...

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