London Building Act 1894

JurisdictionUK Non-devolved
Citation1894 c. ccxiii
Year1894
[57 & 58 VICT.] London BuiUmg Act, 1894. [Ch. CCxiii.]
CHAPTER ccxiii.
An Act to consolidate and amend the Enactments relating
to Streets and Buildings in London.
[25th August 1894.]
~YjiJ
HEREAS enactments relative to streets and buildings in the
*» administrative county of London are contained in the
following Acts viz.:
The Metropolitan Building Act 1844 Public Act.
The Metropolis Management Act 1855 Public Act.
The Metropolitan Building Act 1855 Public Act.
The Metropolitan Building Act (Amend- Public Act.
ment) 1860
The Metropolitan Building Amendment Public Act.
Act 1861
The Metropolis Management Amendment Public Act.
Act 1862
The Metropolitan Building Act 1869 Public Act.
The Metropolitan Building Act 1871 Public Act.
The Metropolis Management and Building Public Act.
Acts Amendment Act 1878
The Metropolis Management and Building Public Act.
Acts (Amendment) Act 1882
The London Council (General Powers) Act
1890
The London Sky Signs Act 1891
County Council (Greneral
Local and Per-
sonal Act.
Local and Per-
sonal Act.
Local and Per-
sonal Act.
AJ>. 1894.
The London
Powers) Act 1893
And whereas the existing provisions of the said Acts are compli-
cated and in some respects doubtful and are insufficient to secure
the construction and maintenance of streets and buildings in a
satisfactory manner:
And whereas it will conduce to the public convenience that the
said Acts should be repealed to the extent set forth in this Act and
that further provisions should be made and powers conferred in
[Price 7s.] A 1
Short title.
Division of
Act into
Parts.
[Oh.
CCXiii.] liMon BmlMij Att, 18§4. [57"'& §8 VICT.]
A.n. 1894. order to secure a proper width and direction of streets the sound
*"~" construction of buildings the diminution of the danger arising from
fire the securing of more light air and space round buildings and
generally with respect to the control and regulation of streets and
buildings and otherwise as in this Act set forth:
And whereas the purposes aforesaid cannot be effected without
the authority of Parliament:
May it therefore please Your Majesty that it may be enacted and
be it enacted by the Queen's most Excellent Majesty by and with
the advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal and
Commons in this present Parliament assembled and by the authority
of the same as follows (that is to say) :--
PAET I,-. -. :., ..,.,•.- •./;..;.-;..-:
' INTRODUCTORY/7 "'.'"',*,'
1.
This Act may be cited as the London Building Act 1894A
2.
This Act shall be divided into Parts as follows,: ' ::
Parti.—Introductory. -
Part II.—Formation and Widening of Streets.' '
•"-'-- -
Part III.—Lines of Building Frontage. ' '•'•" -iw-?
Part IV.—Naming and Numbering of Streets.' -; '"-""
Part V.—Open Spaces about Buildings and Height of;
Build-
ings.
•• •: ••/P
Part VI.—Construction of Buildings. '; •£-.. >
Part VII.—Special and Temporary Buildings and wooden
Structures.
Part VIII.—Rights of Building and Adjoining Owners.
Part IX.—Dangerous and Neglected Structures.
Part X.—Dangerous and Noxious Businesses.
Part XL—Dwelling-houses on Low-lying Land.
Part XII.—Sky Signs.
Part XIII.—Superintending Architect and District Surveyors.
Part XIV.—Byelaws.
Part XV.—Legal Proceedings.
Part XVI.—Miscellaneous.
3.
This Act shall come into operation on and shall take effect
from the first day of January next after the passing thereof which
date is in this Act referred to as the commencement of this Act.'
4-.
This Act shall save so far as is otherwise provided extend to
London and no further :
Provided always that in addition to any exemption referring to
the Commissioners of Sewers contained in this Act nothing in this
Act contained shallin any way take away alter prejudice
Qr
affect
2
Commence-
ment of Act.
Extent of
Act.
[57 & 58 VICT.] London BuiWmg' Act, 1894. [Ok CCXUi.]
any of the powers privileges exemptions jurisdictions or authorities A.D. 1894.'
given to or vested in the Commissioners of Sewers by or under any "—*
Act of Parliament and existing immediately before the passing of
this Act notwithstanding the repeal of the Acts specified iii the
Fourth Schedule hereto. "•
5.
In this Act unless the context otherwise requires Definitions.
(1) The expression "street" means and includes any highway
and any road bridge lane mews footway square court alley
passage whether a thoroughfare or not and a part of any such
highway road bridge lane mews footway square court alley or
passage.
{2) The expression " way" includes any public road way or
footpath not being a street and any private road way or foot-
path which it is proposed to convert into a highway or to form
lay out or adapt as a street.
(3) The expression " roadway " in relation to any street or way
means and includes the whole space open for traffic whether
carriage traffic and foot traffic or foot traffic only. •..
(4) The term " centre of the roadway " means
(a) In relation to any street or way of which the centre of
the roadway has been ascertained or defined by the Council
or the superintending architect previously to or after the
'commencement of this Act the centre of the roadway as so
ascertained or defined;
(b) In relation to any street or way of which the centre of
the roadway shall not have been ascertained or defined by
the Council or the superintending architect where the
roadway opposite the site of the building in question shall
since the twenty-second day of July one thousand eight
hundred and seventy-eight have been widened the centre
of the roadway as existing immediately before the date of
such widening or where it shall not have been so widened
the actual centre of the existing roadway:
For the purpose of any enactment in this Act referring to
the centre of the roadway the superintending architect may at
any time define the line constituting the centre of the roadway
in the case of a street formed or laid out after the eighteenth
day of August one thousand eight hundred and ninety and the
line so defined shall continue to be deemed the centre for such
purpose notwithstanding that the actual centre of the roadway
may have become altered by reason of the roadway having
been widened either on one side only or on both sides to an
unequal extent. A2 $

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