National Insurance Contributions Act 2014

JurisdictionEngland & Wales
Citation2014 c. 7


National Insurance Contributions Act 2014

2014 CHAPTER 7

An Act to make provision in relation to national insurance contributions; and for connected purposes.

[13th March 2014]

Be it enacted by the Queen's most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:-

Employment allowance

Employment allowance

S-1 Employment allowance for national insurance contributions

1 Employment allowance for national insurance contributions

(1) A person qualifies for an employment allowance for a tax year if, in the tax year-

(a) the person is the secondary contributor in relation to payments of earnings to, or for the benefit of, one or more employed earners, and

(b) in consequence, the person incurs liabilities to pay secondary Class 1 contributions,

under SSCBA 1992 or SSCB(NI)A 1992 (or both).

(2) The person's employment allowance for the tax year is-

(a) £2,000, or

(b) if less, an amount equal to the total amount of the liabilities mentioned in subsection (1)(b) which are not excluded liabilities.

(3) Subsection (1) is subject to sections 2 and 3 (and Schedule 1).

(4) Sections 2 and 3 (and Schedule 1) set out cases in which a person cannot qualify for an employment allowance for a tax year.

(5) Section 2 also sets out the cases in which liabilities to pay secondary Class 1 contributions are "excluded liabilities".

(6) Section 4 provides for a person who qualifies for an employment allowance for a tax year to receive it by way of deductions or a repayment under that section.

(7) In this Act references to "the employment allowance provisions" are to this section, sections 2 to 4 and Schedule 1.

(8) In the employment allowance provisions and section 5 terms used which are also used in Part 1 of SSCBA 1992 or SSCB(NI)A 1992 have the same meaning as they have in that Part.

S-2 Exceptions

2 Exceptions

Public authorities

(1) A person cannot qualify for an employment allowance for a tax year if, at any time in the tax year, the person is a public authority which is not a charity.

(2) In subsection (1)-

"charity" has the same meaning as in the Small Charitable Donations Act 2012 (see section 18(1) of that Act), and

"public authority" includes any person whose activities involve, wholly or mainly, the performance of functions (whether or not in the United Kingdom) which are of a public nature.

Personal, family or household affairs

(3) Liabilities t o pay secondary Class 1 contributions incurred by a person ("P") are "excluded liabilities" if they are incurred in respect of an employed earner who is employed (wholly or partly) for purposes connected with P's personal, family or household affairs.

Workers supplied by service companies etc

(4) Liabilities to pay secondary Class 1 contributions are "excluded liabilities" if they are incurred by virtue of regulations made under section 4A of SSCBA 1992 or SSCB(NI)A 1992 (earnings of workers supplied by service companies etc).

Transfers of businesses

(5) Subsection (6) applies if a business, or a part of a business, is transferred to a person ("P") in a tax year.

(6) Liabilities to pay secondary Class 1 contributions incurred by P in the tax year are "excluded liabilities" if they are incurred in respect of an employed earner who is employed (wholly or partly) for purposes connected with the transferred business or part.

(7) For the purposes of subsection (5) a business, or a part of a business, is transferred to P in a tax year if, in the tax year-

(a) another person ("Q") is carrying on the business or part, and

(b) in consequence of arrangements involving P and Q, P begins to carry on the business or part on or following Q ceasing to do so.

(8) In subsection (7)(b) "arrangements" includes any agreement, understanding, scheme, transaction or series of transactions (whether or not legally enforceable).

(9) In subsections (5) to (7) "business" includes-

(a) anything which is a trade, profession or vocation for the purposes of the Income Tax Acts or the Corporation Tax Acts;

(b) a property business (as defined in section 263(6) of the Income Tax (Trading and Other Income) Act 2005);

(c) any charitable or not-for-profit undertaking or any similar undertaking;

(d) functions of a public nature.

Anti-avoidance

(10) A person can not qualify for an employment allowance for a tax year if, apart from this subsection, the person would qualify in consequence of avoidance arrangements.

(11) In a case not covered by subsection (10), liabilities to pay secondary Class 1 contributions incurred by a person ("P") in a tax year are "excluded liabilities" if they are incurred by P, or are incurred by P in that tax year (as opposed to another tax year), in consequence of avoidance arrangements.

(12) In subsections (10) and (11) "avoidance arrangements" means arrangements the main purpose, or one of the main purposes, of which is to secure that a person benefits, or benefits further, from the application of the employment allowance provisions.

(13) In subsection (12) "arrangements" includes any agreement, understanding, scheme, transaction or series of transactions (whether or not legally enforceable).

S-3 Connected persons

3 Connected persons

(1) This section applies if-

(a) at the beginning of a tax year, two or more companies which are not charities are connected with one another, and

(b) apart from this section, two or more of those companies would qualify for an employment allowance for the tax year.

(2) This section also applies if-

(a) at the beginning of a tax year, two or more charities are connected with one another, and

(b) apart from this section, two or more of those charities would qualify for an employment allowance for the tax year.

(3) Only one of the companies or charities mentioned in subsection (1)(b) or (2)(b) (as the case may be) can qualify for an employment allowance for the tax year.

(4) It is up to the companies or charities so mentioned to decide which of them that will be.

(5) Part 1 of Schedule 1 sets out the rules for determining if two or more companies are "connected" with one another for the purposes of subsection (1).

(6) Part 2 of Schedule 1 set s out the rules for determining if two or more charities are "connected" with one another for the purposes of subsection (2).

(7) In this section and Schedule 1-

"charity" has the same meaning as in the Small Charitable Donations Act 2012 (see section 18(1) of that Act), subject to paragraph 8(5) of Schedule 1, and

"company" has the meaning given by section 1121(1) of the Corporation Tax Act 2010 (meaning of "company") and includes a limited liability partnership.

S-4 How does a person who qualifies for an employment allowance receive it?

4 How does a person who qualifies for an employment allowance receive it?

(1) Her Majesty's Revenue and Customs ("HMRC") must (from time to time) make such arrangements as HMRC consider appropriate for persons who qualify for an employment allowance for a tax year to receive it by making deductions from qualifying payments which they are required to make under regulations made under paragraph 6 of Schedule 1 to SSCBA 1992 or SSCB(NI)A 1992 (regulations combining collection of contributions with tax).

(2) In this section "qualifying payment", in relation to a person who qualifies for an employment allowance for a tax year, means a payment in respect of any of the person's liabilities mentioned in section 1(1)(b) which are not excluded liabilities (see section 2).

(3) If under HMRC's arrangements a person is permitted to make a deduction from a qualifying payment, the person must make the deduction and must make it before any other deductions which the person is permitted to make from the payment under any other legislation.

(4) HMRC's arrangements may (in particular)-

(a) require deductions to be made at the earliest opportunity in a tax year;

(b) provide that deductions may not be made in specified cases;

(c) place limits on the amounts of deductions;

(d) provide that a person is not permitted to make deductions unless the person has first given notice to HMRC in such form and manner, and containing such information, as HMRC may require.

(5) Subsections (6) to (8) apply in relation to a person who qualifies for an employment allowance for a tax year if the person has not deducted under this section the full amount of the employment allowance by the end of the month of April in which the tax year ends.

(6) The person may apply to HMRC for a repayment, up to the outstanding amount of the employment allowance, of qualifying payments made by the person; and HMRC must make the repayment.

(7) The person's application must be made in such form and manner, and contain such information, as HMRC may require.

(8) The person's application must be made before the end of the 4th tax year after the tax year mentioned in subsection (5).

(9) In the application of section 102 of the Finance Act 2009 (repayment interest on sums to be paid by HMRC) in relation to a repayment under this section, the repayment interest start date is the date on which HMRC receive the person's application.

(10) A repayment under this section, and any interest in respect of it under section 102 of the Finance Act 2009, are to be paid out of the National Insurance Fund or the Northern Ireland National Insurance Fund.

(11) A person who qualifies for an employment allowance for a tax...

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