Reserve Forces (Safeguard of Employment) Act 1985



Reserve Forces(Safeguard of Employment)Act 1985

1985 CHAPTER 17

An Act to consolidate certain enactments as to the reinstatement in civil employment of members of the reserve and auxiliary forces who have been called into whole-time service in the armed forces of the Crown, and for the protection of the employment of those liable to be called into such service.

[9th May 1985]

Be it enacted by the Queen's most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:—

Reinstatement in civil employment after whole-time service

Reinstatement in civil employment after whole-time service

S-1 Obligation to reinstate.

1 Obligation to reinstate.

(1) This section applies to a person who has entered upon a period of whole-time service—

(a ) in pursuance of any notice or directions given under any enactment which provides for the calling out on permanent service or the embodiment of any reserve or auxiliary force, or members of such a force, or the recall of service pensioners;

(b ) in pursuance of any obligation or undertaking, whether legally enforceable or not, to serve, when called upon, as a commissioned officer, not being an obligation or undertaking—

(i) to accept a permanent commission or a commission for a fixed term, or

(ii) to serve for the purposes of periodical training.

and in this subsection ‘service pensioner’ means a person in receipt of a pension granted in respect of service in me regular forces, or in respect of that service and other service, not being a pension awarded in respect of disablement.

(2) Where such a person applies to his former employer to be taken into his employment, the former employer shall, so long as the application remains in force, be obliged to take the applicant into his employment—

(a ) in the occupation in which me applicant was last employed by the former employer before the beginning of his whole-time service and on terms and conditions not less favourable to him than those which would have been applicable to him in that occupation had he not entered on such service; or

(b ) if it is not reasonable and practicable that the applicant should be taken into employment in that occupation and on those terms and conditions, in me most favourable occupation and on the most favourable terms and conditions which are reasonable and practicable in his case.

(3) That obligation is to take me applicant into employment as mentioned above at me first opportunity (if any) at which it is reasonable and practicable for the former employer so to do on or after such date as may be notified to him in accordance with section 4 as the date on which the applicant will be available for employment.

(4) A former employer's obligation is discharged if after giving reasonable notice to the applicant he makes such employment available to him at mat first opportunity, except that—

(a ) an opportunity for taking the applicant into his former employer's employment shall not be deemed for the purposes of subsection (3) and this subsection to have arisen if—

(i) the former employer makes employment available to the applicant, but the applicant has, or reasonably believes that he has, reasonable cause for not taking it; and

(ii) the facts on which the applicant relies as constituting the reasonable cause are notified in writing to the former employer by him or by some person acting with his authority as soon as may be after he has been notified by the former employer that the employment is being made available to him; and

(b ) in no case shall the former employer be under any obligation under this section to take me applicant into his employment after six months have elapsed from the end of the applicant's whole-time service.

(5) Any notice to be given under subsection (4) by the former employer to the applicant shall (without prejudice to any other mode for the giving of such notice) be deemed to have been duly given if it is sent to the applicant addressed to him—

(a ) at such address as may be provided by him for the purpose; or

(b ) if no such address is so provided, at his last known place of abode.

S-2 ‘Former employer’.

2 ‘Former employer’.

(1) In relation to a person who has entered on a period of whole-time service, in this Act ‘former employer’ means the employer by whom he was last employed within the period of four weeks immediately preceding the beginning of his whole-time service.

(2) The additional provisions contained in Schedule 1 have effect in relation to a former employer.

S-3 Application for reinstatement.

3 Application for reinstatement.

(1) An application under section 1—

(a ) is of no effect unless it is made in writing;

(b ) may be made by the applicant or by some person acting with his authority.

(2) Such application is of no effect unless it is made during the period—

(a ) beginning with the end of the applicant's whole-time service, and

(b ) ending with the third Monday after the end of the applicant's whole-time service,

subject to subsection (3).

(3) Such an application made after the end of that period is not invalid because of subsection (2) if—

(a ) the applicant was prevented from making it within that period by his sickness or other reasonable cause; and

(b ) the application was made as soon as reasonably may be after the expiry of that period.

(4) Such an application ceases to have effect on the expiry of thirteen weeks from the date of its making, except that—

(a ) while the application is still in force it may from time to time be renewed in writing by the applicant or by some person acting with his authority, and, if it is so renewed, does not cease to have effect by virtue of this subsection until thirteen weeks from the date of the renewal, and

(b ) if, at the time when the application would otherwise cease to have effect, proceedings for the determination of any question affecting the application are pending under this Act, the application does not cease to have effect by virtue of this subsection until fourteen days after those proceedings have ceased to be pending,

and for the purposes of paragraph (b ) proceedings shall not be treated as having ceased to be pending until the time for appealing has expired or, where an appeal is brought, until the appeal is decided or withdrawn.

(5) An application under section 1 or any renewal of such an application may be made either—

(a ) directly to the former employer, or

(b ) in the prescribed manner, at any such local office as may be appointed by the Secretary of State, or, in Northern Ireland, by the Department of Economic Development,

and where any application or renewal is so made or given at such a local office it is the duty of the Secretary of State, or, in Northern Ireland, of the Department of Economic Development, to take such steps as may be practicable to forward it to the former employer.

S-4 Applicant's availability.

4 Applicant's availability.

(1) Where an application is made under section 1, the applicant or some person acting with his authority shall, at or after the time of making the application, but not later than 21 days from the latest date allowed by section 3 for its making, notify to the former employer in writing a date, not later than the expiry of the 21 days, on which the applicant will be available for employment.

(2) If, owing to his sickness or other reasonable cause, the applicant is not available for employment until after the expiry of the 21 days, the date to be so notified may be a date as soon as reasonably may be after the expiry of the 21 days, and accordingly the notification shall not be invalid by reason only that it is given after the expiry of the 21 days.

(3) Subsection (5) of section 3 applies to any notification under this section as it applies to an application under section 1.

S-5 Priorities.

5 Priorities.

(1) It shall not be treated for the purposes of the foregoing provisions of this Act as reasonable and practicable for the former employer to take the applicant into his employment, or to employ him as provided by section 7, either at all or in any particular occupation or on particular terms and conditions, if it can only be done by discharging some other person who—

(a ) was employed by the former employer before the relevant date, and

(b ) had been so employed before the relevant date for a longer period than the applicant, and

(c ) was so employed in employment of a kind that was not less permanent in character than the applicant's employment,

or by refusing to take into employment, in accordance with section 1, some such other person as mentioned above who has entered upon a period of whole-time service and has duly made an application under section 1; and in this subsection ‘the relevant date’ means the beginning of the applicant's whole-time service, or, where the other person as well as the applicant has entered on a period of whole-time service, the beginning of the other person's whole-time service, whichever is the earlier.

(2) It shall not be treated for the purposes of the foregoing provisions of this Act as otherwise than reasonable and practicable for the former employer to take the applicant into his employment, or to employ him as provided by section 7, either at all or in any particular occupation, or on particular terms and conditions, by reason only that it can only be done by discharging some other person who is not such a person as is mentioned in paragraphs (a ), (b ) and (c ) of subsection (1).

S-6 Waivers.

6 Waivers.

(1) The provisions of this Act requiring a person who has entered upon a period of whole-time service, as a condition of obtaining...

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