CLAIMS IN RESPECT OF LOSS OR DAMAGE ARISING FROM INFRINGEMENTS OF COMPETITION LAW
1. Chapter 4 of Part 1 of the Competition Act 1998 (appeals, proceedings before the Competition Appeal Tribunal and settlements relating to infringements of competition law) is amended as follows.
2. For the Chapter heading5substitute “Appeals before the Tribunal6and proceedings and settlements relating to infringements of competition law”.
3. After section 47E7insert—
“Further provision about claims in respect of loss or damage before a court or the Tribunal(47F) Further provision about claims in respect of loss or damage before a court or the TribunalSchedule 8A makes further provision about claims in respect of loss or damage before a court or the Tribunal.”
4. After Schedule 8 insert—
FURTHER PROVISION ABOUT CLAIMS IN RESPECT OF LOSS OR DAMAGE BEFORE A COURT OR THE TRIBUNAL
1 This Part of this Schedule contains definitions and other provisions about interpretation which apply for the purposes of this Schedule.
2 Competition law etc
(1) “Competition law” means—
(a) the Chapter I prohibition8,
(b) the Chapter II prohibition,
(c) the prohibition in Article 101(1), and
(d) the prohibition in Article 102.
(2) “Competition claim” means a claim in respect of loss or damage arising from an infringement of competition law (whatever the legal basis of the claim) which is made by or on behalf of—
(a) the person who suffered the loss or damage, or
(b) a person who has acquired that person’s right to make the claim (whether by operation of law or otherwise).
(3) “Competition damages claim” means a competition claim to the extent that it is a claim for damages.
(4) “Competition proceedings” means proceedings before a court or the Tribunal to the extent that they relate to a competition claim.
(5) Where the context requires, references to an infringement of competition law and to loss or damage (however expressed) include an alleged infringement and alleged loss or damage.
3 Competition authority etc
(1) “Competition authority” means—
(a) the CMA9,
(b) a regulator10, so far as it exercises functions under Part 1 of this Act concurrently with the CMA,
(c) the Commission11, and
(d) a member State competition authority.
(2) A “member State competition authority” means an authority designated by a member State other than the United Kingdom, under Article 35 of the EC Competition Regulation12, as being responsible for the application of Article 101 and Article 102 of the Treaty13.
(3) “Investigation materials”, in relation to a competition authority, means—
(a) information prepared by a person (other than a competition authority) for the purpose of an investigation by the competition authority into an infringement of competition law;
(b) information sent by the competition authority, during the course of such an investigation, to an undertaking which is the subject of the investigation;
(c) a settlement submission which has been withdrawn.
(4) Subsections (3) and (4) of section 58A14apply for the purposes of determining when a decision of the CMA, a regulator or the Commission becomes “final”.
(5) A decision of a member State competition authority becomes “final”—
(a) when the time for appealing against it expires without an appeal having been brought, or
(b) where an appeal has been brought against the decision, when—
(i) the appeal and any further appeal in relation to the decision has been decided or has otherwise ended, and
(ii) the time for appealing against the result of the appeal or further appeal has expired without another appeal having been brought.
(6) Where the law of a member State other than the United Kingdom requires or enables a member State competition authority to bring proceedings before a court of the member State in relation to an infringement of Article 101(1) or Article 102, rather than making a decision itself in relation to the infringement—
(a) references to an investigation by a competition authority into an infringement of competition law include such proceedings brought by the member State competition authority;
(b) references to a competition authority closing an investigation include the termination of such proceedings by the member State competition authority or by another person, except where the competition authority’s investigation of the infringement continues after the proceedings terminate;
(c) references to a decision of a competition authority include a decision of a court in such proceedings;
(d) sub-paragraph (5) applies in relation to a decision of a court in such proceedings as it applies in relation to a decision of a member State competition authority.
(1) “Cartel” means an agreement or concerted practice between two or more competitors aimed at—
(a) co-ordinating their competitive behaviour in a market, or
(b) otherwise influencing competition in a market,
through practices such as (but not limited to) those listed in sub-paragraph (2).
(2) Those practices are—
(a) fixing or co-ordinating purchase or selling prices or other trading conditions, including in relation to intellectual property rights,
(b) allocating production or sales quotas, and
(c) sharing markets and customers, including bid-rigging, restrictions of imports or exports or anti-competitive actions against other competitors.
(3) “Cartel leniency programme” means a programme operated by a competition authority under which—
(a) an undertaking that has participated in a cartel may provide the competition authority with information about the cartel and the undertaking’s involvement in it, and
(b) if it does so voluntarily and independently of the other cartel members, the competition authority may give the undertaking immunity from, or a reduction in, a financial penalty which would otherwise be payable by the undertaking for its participation in the cartel.
(4) “Cartel leniency statement” means a set of information provided, orally or in writing, to a competition authority by or on behalf of a person which—
(a) consists of information about a cartel and the person’s role in relation to the cartel,
(b) is provided voluntarily, and
(c) is provided specifically for the purposes of the competition authority’s cartel leniency programme,
excluding any pre-existing information.
(5) For the purposes of sub-paragraph (4)—
(a) “pre-existing information” means information that exists irrespective of a competition authority’s investigations, and
(b) the fact that information is in a competition authority’s file does not prevent it from being pre-existing information.
(6) References to a cartel leniency statement include—
(a) a part of a cartel leniency statement,
(b) a quotation from a cartel leniency statement,
(c) all or part of a record of a cartel leniency statement, and
(d) a copy of all or part of a cartel leniency statement or of a record of such a statement.
(7) On the application of a claimant in competition proceedings, a court or the Tribunal may, in accordance with procedural rules, determine whether information is a cartel leniency statement.
(8) For the purposes of making a determination under sub-paragraph (7), the court or the Tribunal may—
(a) take evidence from the author of the document, and
(b) obtain assistance from a competition authority,
but may not obtain assistance from anyone else.
5 Settlement submission to a competition authority
(1) “Settlement submission” means a statement made, orally or in writing, to a competition authority by or on behalf of an undertaking—
(a) which states—
(i) that the undertaking accepts that it has infringed competition law, or
(ii) that the undertaking does not accept that it has infringed competition law but will not dispute a decision of the competition authority that it has done so,
(b) which is made voluntarily, and