The inheritance of local wisdom for maintaining peace in multicultural society

Published date24 May 2022
Date24 May 2022
Subject MatterHealth & social care,Criminology & forensic psychology,Aggression,conflict & peace,Sociology,Gender studies,Gender violence,Political sociology,policy & social change,Social conflicts,War/peace
AuthorThriwaty Arsal,Dewi Liesnoor Setyowati,Puji Hardati
The inheritance of local wisdom for
maintaining peace in multicultural society
Thriwaty Arsal, Dewi Liesnoor Setyowati and Puji Hardati
Purpose The research aims to investigate the value of local wisdom, analyse local wisdom for the
harmony of a multicultural society and discover forms of inheritance of local wisdom for maintaining
Design/methodology/approach Qualitative research was used in this research. The primary data
were obtained through observation, in-depth interviews and focus group discussions. Secondary data
were obtained throughreports from agencies, such as Social Services and CentralBureau of Statistics,
literature studies andnews from the internet. The data validity techniqueused was source triangulation.
The data wereanalysed with stages of data reduction,data presentation and conclusion.
Findings The results showed that the localwisdom sedekah bumi,selamatan malam 1 suro,sadranan
and kuda lumping contain values related to religion, cooperation, harmony, togetherness, kinship and
cohesiveness;the implementation of local wisdom can strengthen socialharmony; and the inheritance of
local wisdomtakes place sustainably fromfamilies and communities to the youngergeneration.
Research limitations/implications The researchwas conducted during the peak of COVID-19 cases
in CentralJava, Indonesia. Therefore, thedata could not be obtained maximally.
Practical implications This research contributeswidely not only to the village studied but alsoto other
communitieswith similar conditions.
Social implications The inheritanceof local wisdom can help maintain peace, unify societies and offer
solutionto social conflicts by implementingtraditions containing humanity andpeaceful values.
Originality/value This research offers a new insight concerning the inheritance of local wisdom that
can functionas a tool to achieve a peaceful society and prevent social disastersfrom occurring.
Keywords Inheritance, Local wisdom, Maintaining peace, Multiculturalsociety, Social disaster,
Social harmony
Paper type Research paper
Kalirejo Village is one of the most multicultural villages in Indonesia and has the nickname
“mini-Indonesia”, is characterised by the diversity of religions embraced by its people, in
which the religions serve these purposes as social disaster resilience (e.g. conflict, dispute
and misunderstanding), cultural tourism potential and social harmony. Social disaster is a
disaster caused by humans that can inflict physical and economic losses, as well as
threaten human life, such as social disturbances, social conflicts between community
groups and terrorism. Meanwhile, the religions followed by the people of the village are
Islam, the majority religion,Hinduism, Christianity and Catholicism. Although most peoplein
Kalirejo adhere to Islam, they live side by side in harmony with adherents of the other
religions and integrate significantly through local wisdom. The preservation of peaceful
conditions in a harmonious society full of tolerance is achievable through a local cultural
approach (Arsal et al., 2021). As a multicultural society with religious diversity, there are
differences in the social life led by the people of Kalirejo. These differences provide the
strength to build social disaster resilience. The existence of local wisdom in society in
Thriwaty Arsal is based at
the Department of Sociology
and Anthropology, Faculty of
Social Sciences, Universitas
Negeri Semarang,
Semarang, Indonesia.
Dewi Liesnoor Setyowati is
based at the Department of
Doctoral Program Social
Sciences, Universitas
Negeri Semarang,
Semarang, Indonesia.
Puji Hardati is based at the
Department of Geography,
Faculty of Social Sciences,
Universitas Negeri
Semarang, Semarang,
Received 12 January 2022
Revised 5 March 2022
29 April 2022
Accepted 1 May 2022
The researcher would like to
acknowledge the President of
the University, the Head of the
Institute for Research and
Community Service (LPPM)of
Universitas Negeri Semarang,
for providing the research
funds. Acknowledgements are
also addressed to the Head of
Kalirejo Village, Head of the
Social Service Agent, and
Peace Pioneer Organizations of
Kendal Regency.
DOI 10.1108/JACPR-01-2022-0673 VOL. 15 NO. 2 2023,pp. 137-151, ©Emerald Publishing Limited, ISSN 1759-6599 jJOURNAL OF AGGRESSION, CONFLICT AND PEACE RESEARCH jPAGE 137

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