The Land Reform (Scotland) Act 2016 (Register of Persons Holding a Controlled Interest in Land) Regulations 2021

JurisdictionScotland
CitationSSI 2021/85

2021 No. 85

Land Reform

The Land Reform (Scotland) Act 2016 (Register of Persons Holding a Controlled Interest in Land) Regulations 2021

Made 17th February 2021

Coming into force 1st April 2022

The Scottish Ministers make the following Regulations in exercise of the powers conferred by section 39(1) to (4) of the Land Reform (Scotland) Act 20161and all other powers enabling them to do so.

In accordance with section 41(1) of that Act, they have consulted the Keeper and such other persons as they consider appropriate.

In accordance with section 41(2) of that Act, a copy of the proposed draft Regulations and a copy of the proposed explanatory document referred to in section 40(b)(ii) (except the details required by section 42(1)(b)) have been laid before the Scottish Parliament for the purposes of the consultation required by section 41(1).

In accordance with section 40(b)(i) and (ii) of that Act, proposed draft Regulations and an explanatory document have been laid before the Scottish Parliament.

In accordance with section 126(3)(b) of that Act, a draft of this instrument has been laid before, and approved by resolution of the Scottish Parliament.

1 Introduction

PART 1

Introduction

Citation and commencement
S-1 Citation and commencement

Citation and commencement

1. These Regulations may be cited as the Land Reform (Scotland) Act 2016 (Register of Persons Holding a Controlled Interest in Land) Regulations 2021 and come into force on 1 April 2022.

Interpretation
S-2 Interpretation

Interpretation

2.—(1) In these Regulations, unless the context requires otherwise—

“associate” is to be construed in accordance with regulation 3,

“the Companies Acts” has the meaning given by section 2 of the Companies Act 20062,

“Keeper” means the Keeper of the Registers of Scotland,

“land”—

(a) generally, has the same meaning as in section 113 of the Land Registration etc. (Scotland) Act 20123, and

(b) in relation to a recorded person, means the land described in an entry in the RCI as being owned or leased by that person,

“Land Register” means the Land Register of Scotland,

“lease” includes sub-lease,

“proprietor” is to be construed in accordance with section 113 of the Land Registration etc. (Scotland) Act 2012,

“recorded person” is to be construed in accordance with regulation 3(3),

“registered number” means any unique number allocated to a non-natural person for the purposes of identifying them,

“required details” is to be construed in accordance with regulation 11,

“the RCI” has the meaning given by regulation 3(1),

“security declaration” means a declaration made in accordance with regulation 16, and references to a security declaration having effect are to be construed in accordance with regulation 16(12),

“specified form” has the meaning given by regulation 24,

“unique reference number” is to be construed in accordance with regulation 7.

(2) For the purposes of these Regulations, a reference to—

(a)

(a) control is a reference to where a person can direct the activities of another,

(b)

(b) dealings with the land is a reference to disposing, creating real rights over, leasing or changing the use of the land,

(c)

(c) significant influence is a reference to where a person is able to ensure that another person will typically adopt the approach that the person desires.

(3) For the purposes of these Regulations, a reference to—

(a)

(a) a person being the owner of land is a reference to a person—

(i) who is entered in the Land Register as the proprietor of the land, or

(ii) whose title to the land is recorded in the Register of Sasines,

(b)

(b) a person being the tenant of land is a reference to a person who is the tenant of—

(i) a lease registered in the property section of a lease title sheet in accordance with section 6(1)(e) of the Land Registration etc. (Scotland) Act 2012,

(ii) a lease entered, in accordance with section 9(1)(b) or (c) of that Act, in the burdens section of a title sheet,

(iii) a lease that would, but for section 18(4) or paragraph 9 of schedule 1 of that Act, be entered in the burdens section of a title sheet,

(iv) a lease recorded in the Register of Sasines.

(4) For the purposes of section 39 of the Land Reform (Scotland) Act 2016, a person has a controlling interest in an owner or tenant of land if the person is an associate of the owner or tenant.

2 Register of persons holding a controlled interest in land

PART 2

Register of persons holding a controlled interest in land

Establishment and contents

Establishment and contents

S-3 Register of persons holding a controlled interest in land

Register of persons holding a controlled interest in land

3.—(1) The Keeper of the Registers of Scotland must establish and maintain a public register known as the Register of Persons holding a controlled interest in land (which register is referred to in these Regulations as “the RCI”).

(2) The RCI is a record of persons who—

(a)

(a) are the owners or tenants of land, and

(b)

(b) in relation to that land, are associated with a person to whom a Part of schedule 1 applies (such person being referred in these Regulations to as an “associate”).

(3) The RCI is to contain, in relation to each person recorded in the RCI (“the recorded person”)—

(a)

(a) the recorded person’s name, address and, if applicable, registered number,

(b)

(b) in relation to the land owned or tenanted by the recorded person—

(i) if the land is registered in the Land Register, the title number of the land,

(ii) if the land is not registered in the Land Register, a description of the land that is sufficient for it to be identified,

(c)

(c) details of the capacity in which the recorded person owns or tenants the land (for example as an individual, partner or trustee),

(d)

(d) in relation to each associate of the recorded person—

(i) where no security declaration has effect in respect of the associate—

(aa) the required details, with the exception of the information required by regulation 11(2)(a)(iii),

(bb) the associate’s unique reference number,

(ii) where a security declaration has effect in respect of the associate—

(aa) a statement that a security declaration has been made and has effect in respect of that person,

(bb) where applicable, a note of an appeal under regulation 18(4)), and

(e)

(e) the date of any notice given to the Keeper under these Regulations in respect of the entry.

(4) The RCI is to be in such form (which may be, or be in part, an electronic form) as the Keeper considers appropriate.

S-4 Making of entries in the RCI

Making of entries in the RCI

4.—(1) The Keeper must make an entry in the RCI, in accordance with regulation 3, following receipt of information provided under regulation 10(3) by a person to whom that regulation applies.

(2) An entry required by paragraph (1) may not be made during the period of 30 days beginning on the day on which the Keeper received the information.

S-5 Amendment of the RCI

Amendment of the RCI

5.—(1) The Keeper must remove an entry for a recorded person from the RCI if the Keeper is given notice under regulation 12 to the effect that—

(a)

(a) the person has ceased to be an owner or the tenant of the land, or

(b)

(b) the recorded person has no associates.

(2) The Keeper must make such other amendments to entries in the RCI as are necessary in consequence of—

(a)

(a) the Keeper being given any of the following documents—

(i) a notice under regulation 12 of an event affecting the RCI,

(ii) a security declaration,

(iii) a notice under regulation 17 revoking a security declaration,

(iv) a notice under regulation 23 of the death, winding-up or dissolution of a person,

(b)

(b) a security declaration ceasing to have effect in accordance with regulation 16,

(c)

(c) the Keeper otherwise becoming aware of an inaccuracy in the RCI.

(3) An entry as amended by the Keeper must comply with regulation 3.

(4) Where the Keeper becomes aware of an inaccuracy under paragraph 2(c), the Keeper may request—

(a)

(a) the person providing any of the documents listed in paragraph 2(a)(i)-(iv), or

(b)

(b) any other person the Keeper considers may have relevant information about the inaccuracy,

to provide the Keeper, within such period as the Keeper may specify, with such further information or documents relevant to the correction of the inaccuracy as the Keeper may specify.

(5) For the purposes of paragraph 2(c), an inaccuracy includes the omission of information which is required to be recorded by these Regulations.

S-6 Timing of amending an entry

Timing of amending an entry

6. Where the Keeper is required to amend an entry in the RCI, the Keeper must do so as soon as reasonably practicable after receiving the documents or, as the case may be, the information specified in regulation 5(2) or (4).

S-7 Associates – unique reference numbers

Associates – unique reference numbers

7.—(1) The Keeper must allocate a unique reference number in respect of each associate whose information is to be entered on the RCI.

(2) The unique reference number must appear in each entry in the RCI in respect of that associate (whether or not the associate’s information is being entered in relation to the same recorded person).

S-8 Protection of the RCI

Protection of the RCI

8. The Keeper must take such steps as appear reasonable to the Keeper to protect the RCI from—

(a) interference,

(b) unauthorised access, and

(c) damage.

Access to the RCI

Access to the RCI

S-9 Access to the RCI

Access to the RCI

9.—(1) The Keeper must make the information contained in the RCI available by such means as the Keeper considers appropriate.

(2) The Keeper must ensure that a person is able to search the RCI for data by reference to the following criteria—

(a)

(a) in relation to the land, its title number, or a description that is sufficient for it to be identified,

(b)

(b) in relation to the recorded person, the person’s name or, if applicable, registered number,

(c)

(c) in relation to the associate, the associate’s name, registered number or...

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