The Tribunal Procedure (Upper Tribunal) Rules 2008

Publication Date:January 01, 2008

2008No. 2698 (L. 15)

TRIBUNALS AND INQUIRIES

The Tribunal Procedure (Upper Tribunal) Rules 2008

9thOctober2008

15thOctober2008

3rdNovember2008

CONTENTS

PART 1

Introduction

1. Citation, commencement, application and interpretation

2. Overriding objective and parties' obligation to co-operate with the Upper Tribunal

3. Alternative dispute resolution and arbitration

PART 2

General powers and provisions

4. Delegation to staff

5. Case management powers

6. Procedure for applying for and giving directions

7. Failure to comply with rules etc.

8. Striking out a party's case

9. Substitution and addition of parties

10. Orders for costs

11. Representatives

12. Calculating time

13. Sending and delivery of documents

14. Use of documents and information

15. Evidence and submissions

16. Summoning or citation of witnesses and orders to answer questions or produce documents

17. Withdrawal

18. Notice of funding of legal services

19. Confidentiality in child support or child trust fund cases

20. Power to pay expenses and allowances

PART 3

Appeals and references to the Upper Tribunal

21. Application to the Upper Tribunal for permission to appeal

22. Decision in relation to permission to appeal

23. Notice of appeal

24. Response to the notice of appeal

25. Appellant's reply

26. References under the Forfeiture Act 1982

PART 4

Judicial review proceedings in the Upper Tribunal

27. Application of this Part to judicial review proceedings transferred to the Upper Tribunal

28. Applications for permission to bring judicial review proceedings

29. Acknowledgment of service

30. Decision on permission or summary dismissal, and reconsideration of permission or summary dismissal at a hearing

31. Responses

32. Applicant seeking to rely on additional grounds

33. Right to make representations

PART 5

Hearings

34. Decision with or without a hearing

35. Entitlement to attend a hearing

36. Notice of hearings

37. Public and private hearings

38. Hearings in a party's absence

PART 6

Decisions

39. Consent orders

40. Decisions

PART 7

Correcting, setting aside, reviewing and appealing decisions of the Upper Tribunal

41. Interpretation

42. Clerical mistakes and accidental slips or omissions

43. Setting aside a decision which disposes of proceedings

44. Application for permission to appeal

45. Upper Tribunal's consideration of application for permission to appeal

46. Review of a decision

47. Review of a decision in proceedings under the Forfeiture Act 1982

After consulting in accordance with paragraph 28(1) of Schedule 5 to, the Tribunals, Courts and Enforcement Act 2007 1 the Tribunal Procedure Committee has made the following Rules in exercise of the power conferred by sections 10(3), 16(9), 22 and 29(3) and (4) of, and Schedule 5 to, that Act.

The Lord Chancellor has allowed the Rules in accordance with paragraph 28(3) of Schedule 5 to the Tribunals, Courts and Enforcement Act 2007.

PART 1

Introduction

Citation, commencement, application and interpretation

1.-

(1) These Rules may be cited as the Tribunal Procedure (Upper Tribunal) Rules 2008 and come into force on 3rd November 2008.

(2) These Rules apply to proceedings before the Upper Tribunal.

(3) In these Rules-

"the 2007 Act" means the Tribunals, Courts and Enforcement Act 2007;

"appellant" means a person who makes an appeal, or applies for permission to appeal, to the Upper Tribunal, or a person substituted as an appellant under rule 9(1) (substitution and addition of parties);

"applicant" means a person who applies for permission to bring, or does bring, judicial review proceedings before the Upper Tribunal and, in judicial review proceedings transferred to the Upper Tribunal from a court, includes a person who was a claimant or petitioner in the proceedings immediately before they were transferred;

"disability discrimination in schools case" means proceedings before the Upper Tribunal concerning disability discrimination in the education of a child or related matters;

"dispose of proceedings" includes, unless indicated otherwise, disposing of a part of the proceedings;

"document" means anything in which information is recorded in any form, and an obligation under these Rules or any practice direction or direction to provide or allow access to a document or a copy of a document for any purpose means, unless the Upper Tribunal directs otherwise, an obligation to provide or allow access to such document or copy in a legible form or in a form which can be readily made into a legible form;

"hearing" means an oral hearing and includes a hearing conducted in whole or in part by video link, telephone or other means of instantaneous two-way electronic communication;

"interested party" means-

(a) a person who is directly affected by the outcome sought in judicial review proceedings, and has been named as an interested party under rule 28 or 29 (judicial review), or has been substituted or added as an interested party under rule 9 (substitution and addition of parties); and(b) in judicial review proceedings transferred to the Upper Tribunal under section 25A(2) or (3) of the Judicature (Northern Ireland) Act 1978 2 or section 31A(2) or (3) of the Supreme Court Act 1981 3, a person who was an interested party in the proceedings immediately before they were transferred to the Upper Tribunal;

"judicial review proceedings" means proceedings within the jurisdiction of the Upper Tribunal pursuant to section 15 or 21 of the 2007 Act, whether such proceedings are started in the Upper Tribunal or transferred to the Upper Tribunal;

"legal representative" means an authorised advocate or authorised litigator as defined by section 119(1) of the Courts and Legal Services Act 1990 4, an advocate or solicitor in Scotland or a barrister or solicitor in Northern Ireland;

"mental health case" means proceedings before the Upper Tribunal on appeal against a decision in proceedings under the Mental Health Act 1983 5 or paragraph 5(2) of the Schedule to the Repatriation of Prisoners Act 1984 6;

"party" means a person who is an appellant, an applicant, a respondent or an interested party in proceedings before the Upper Tribunal, a person who has referred a question to the Upper Tribunal or, if the proceedings have been concluded, a person who was an appellant, an applicant, a respondent or an interested party when the Tribunal finally disposed of all issues in the proceedings;

"permission" includes leave in cases arising under the law of Northern Ireland;

"practice direction" means a direction given under section 23 of the 2007 Act;

"respondent" means-

(a) in an appeal, or application for permission to appeal, against a decision of another tribunal, any person other than the appellant who-(i) was a party before that other tribunal;(ii) could (if they had been notified of the proceedings) have been a party before that other tribunal; or(iii) otherwise has a right of appeal against the decision of the other tribunal and has given notice to the Upper Tribunal that they wish to be a party to the appeal;(b) in an appeal against any other decision, the person who made the decision;(c) in judicial review proceedings-(i) in proceedings started in the Upper Tribunal, the person named by the applicant as the respondent;(ii) in proceedings transferred to the Upper Tribunal under section 25A(2) or (3) of the Judicature (Northern Ireland) Act 1978 or section 31A(2) or (3) of the Supreme Court Act 1981, a person who was a defendant in the proceedings immediately before they were transferred;(iii) in proceedings transferred to the Upper Tribunal under section 20(1) of the 2007 Act, a person to whom intimation of the petition was made before the proceedings were transferred, or to whom the Upper Tribunal has required intimation to be made.(d) in a reference under the Forfeiture Act 1982 7, the person whose eligibility for a benefit or advantage is in issue; or(e) a person substituted or added as a respondent under rule 9 (substitution and addition of parties);

"special educational needs case" means proceedings before the Upper Tribunal concerning the education of a child who has or may have special educational needs;

"working day" means any day except a Saturday or Sunday, Christmas Day, Good Friday or a bank holiday under section 1 of the Banking and Financial Dealings Act 1971 8.

Overriding objective and parties' obligation to co-operate with the Upper Tribunal

2.-

(1) The overriding objective of these Rules is to enable the Upper Tribunal to deal with cases fairly and justly.

(2) Dealing with a case fairly and justly includes-

(a) dealing with the case in ways which are proportionate to the importance of the case, the complexity of the issues, the anticipated costs and the resources of the parties;(b) avoiding unnecessary formality and seeking flexibility in the proceedings;(c) ensuring, so far as practicable, that the parties are able to participate fully in the proceedings;(d) using any special expertise of the Upper Tribunal effectively; and(e) avoiding delay, so far as compatible with proper consideration of the issues.

(3) The Upper Tribunal must seek to give effect to the overriding objective when it-

(a) exercises any power under these Rules; or(b) interprets any rule or practice direction.

(4) Parties must-

(a) help the Upper Tribunal to further the overriding objective; and(b) co-operate with the Upper Tribunal generally.

Alternative dispute resolution and arbitration

3.-

(1) The Upper Tribunal should seek, where appropriate-

(a) to bring to the attention of the parties the availability of any appropriate alternative procedure for the resolution of the dispute; and(b) if the parties wish and provided that it is compatible with the overriding objective, to facilitate the use of the procedure.

(2) Part 1 of the Arbitration Act 1996 9 does not apply to proceedings before the Upper Tribunal.

PART 2

General powers and provisions

Delegation to staff

4.-

(1) Staff appointed under section 40(1) of the 2007 Act...

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