Welfare of Livestock (Amendment) Regulations 1998

JurisdictionUK Non-devolved
CitationSI 1998/1709

1998 No. 1709

ANIMALSPREVENTION OF CRUELTY

The Welfare of Livestock (Amendment) Regulations 1998

Made 13th July 1998

Coming into force 27th July 1998

The Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, the Secretary of State for Scotland and the Secretary of State for Wales, in exercise of the powers conferred by section 2 of the Agriculture (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 19681and now vested in them2, acting jointly, and after consultation (in accordance with section 2 of the said 1968 Act) with such persons appearing to them to represent any interests concerned as they have considered appropriate, hereby make the following Regulations, a draft of which has been approved by resolution of each House of Parliament:—

S-1 Title commencement and extent

Title commencement and extent

1. These Regulations may be cited as the Welfare of Livestock (Amendment) Regulations 1998, shall come into force on the fourteenth day after the day on which they are made and shall extend to Great Britain.

S-2 Amendment of the Welfare of Livestock Regulations 1994

Amendment of the Welfare of Livestock Regulations 1994

2.—(1) The Welfare of Livestock Regulations 19943shall be amended in accordance with the following provisions of this regulation.

(2) In regulation 2, after the definition of “calf” there shall be inserted the following definitions—

““Council Directive 91/629/EEC” means Council Directive 91/629/EECas amended by Council Directive 97/2/ECand Commission Decision 97/182/EC;”

““Fibrous food” means a food high in cellulose and related compounds and of low digestibility, with a fibre length of more than 10 mm;”.

(3) For Schedule 2 there shall be substituted the following—

1

Accommodation

1.—(1) No calf shall be confined in an individual stall or pen after the age of eight weeks unless a veterinary surgeon certifies that its health or behaviour requires it to be isolated in order to receive treatment.

(2) The width of any individual stall or pen for a calf shall be at least equal to the height of the calf at the withers, measured in the standing position, and the length shall be at least equal to the body length of the calf, measured from the tip of the nose to the caudal edge of thetuber ischii (pin bone), multiplied by 1.1.

(3) Individual stalls or pens for calves (except for those isolating sick animals) shall have perforated walls which allow calves to have direct visual and tactile contact.

(4) For calves kept in groups, the unobstructed space allowance available to each calf shall be at least 1.5 square metres for each calf with a live weight of less than 150 kg, at least 2 square metres for each calf with a live weight of 150 kg or more but less than 200 kg, and at least 3 square metres for each calf with a live weight of 200 kg or more.

(5) Each calf shall be able to stand up, turn around, lie down, rest and groom itself without hindrance.

(6) Subject to sub-paragraphs (7) and (8) below, each calf that is kept on a holding on which two or more calves are kept shall be able to see at least one other calf.

(7) Sub-paragraph (6) above shall not apply to any calf that is kept in isolation on a holding on veterinary advice.

(8) For the purpose of calculating the number of calves being kept on a holding in order to determine whether sub-paragraph (6) above applies, no account shall be taken of any calf that is being kept in isolation on that holding on veterinary advice.

2

Transitional provisions for accommodation

2.—(1) Until 1st January 2004 sub-paragraphs (1), (3) and (4) of paragraph 1 shall not apply in relation to accommodation in use before 1st January 1998.

(2) Until 1st January 2004, in the case of accommodation brought into use after 1st January 1994 but before 1st January 1998—

(a)

(a) where calves are housed in groups, each calf of 150 kg or more live weight shall have at least 1.5 square metres of unobstructed floor space; and

(b)

(b) where a calf is housed in an individual stall or pen, the stall or pen shall have at least one perforated wall which enables the calf to see other animals in neighbouring stalls and pens unless isolated for veterinary reasons.

3

Tethering

3.—(1) Calves shall not be tethered, with the exception of group-housed calves which may be tethered for a period of not more than one hour when being fed milk or milk substitute.

(2) Where tethers are used in accordance with the preceding sub-paragraph, they shall not cause pain or injury to the calves and shall be inspected regularly and adjusted as necessary to ensure a comfortable fit.

(3) Each tether shall be designed to avoid the risk of strangulation or pain or injury and allow the calf to lie down, rest, stand up and groom itself without hindrance.

4

Fittings

4 No inadequately constructed or insecure fittings shall be used for restraining calves.

5

Materials

5 Materials used for the construction of calf accommodation and all equipment with which calves may come into contact shall not be harmful to the calves and shall be capable of being thoroughly cleansed and...

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