Border Control in UK Law

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Leading Cases
  • Huang v Secretary of State for the Home Department; Abu-Qulbain v Same; Kashmiri v Same
    • House of Lords
    • 21 Marzo 2007

    In an article 8 case where this question is reached, the ultimate question for the appellate immigration authority is whether the refusal of leave to enter or remain, in circumstances where the life of the family cannot reasonably be expected to be enjoyed elsewhere, taking full account of all considerations weighing in favour of the refusal, prejudices the family life of the applicant in a manner sufficiently serious to amount to a breach of the fundamental right protected by article 8.

  • VW (Uganda) v Secretary of State for the Home Department; AB (Somalia)
    • Court of Appeal (Civil Division)
    • 16 Enero 2009

    Ms Busch adopts what I said in §11–14 of my judgment in that case. But for the present, at least, the last word on the subject has now been said in EB (Kosovo). While it is of course possible that the facts of any one case may disclose an insurmountable obstacle to removal, the inquiry into proportionality is not a search for such an obstacle and does not end with its elimination. It is a balanced judgment of what can reasonably be expected in the light of all the material facts.

  • R (Razgar) v Secretary of State for the Home Department
    • House of Lords
    • 17 Junio 2004

    The answering of question (5), where that question is reached, must always involve the striking of a fair balance between the rights of the individual and the interests of the community which is inherent in the whole of the Convention. The severity and consequences of the interference will call for careful assessment at this stage. The Secretary of State must exercise his judgment in the first instance.

  • EB (Kosovo) v Secretary of State for the Home Department
    • House of Lords
    • 25 Junio 2008

    It will, for example, recognise that it will rarely be proportionate to uphold an order for removal of a spouse if there is a close and genuine bond with the other spouse and that spouse cannot reasonably be expected to follow the removed spouse to the country of removal, or if the effect of the order is to sever a genuine and subsisting relationship between parent and child.

  • R Onkarsingh Nagre v Secretary of State for the Home Department
    • Queen's Bench Division (Administrative Court)
    • 28 Marzo 2013

    It is only if, after doing that, there remains an arguable case that there may be good grounds for granting leave to remain outside the Rules by reference to Article 8 that it will be necessary for Article 8 purposes to go on to consider whether there are compelling circumstances not sufficiently recognised under the new rules to require the grant of such leave.

  • MF (Nigeria) v Secretary of State for The Home Department
    • Court of Appeal (Civil Division)
    • 08 Octubre 2013

    Rather it is that, in approaching the question of whether removal is a proportionate interference with an individual's article 8 rights, the scales are heavily weighted in favour of deportation and something very compelling (which will be "exceptional") is required to outweigh the public interest in removal.

  • Chikwamba v Secretary of State for the Home Department
    • House of Lords
    • 25 Junio 2008

    I am far from suggesting that the Secretary of State should routinely apply this policy in all but exceptional cases. Rather it seems to me that only comparatively rarely, certainly in family cases involving children, should an article 8 appeal be dismissed on the basis that it would be proportionate and more appropriate for the appellant to apply for leave from abroad. Better surely that in most cases the article 8 claim be decided once and for all at the initial stage.

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