Renewables in UK Law

Leading Cases
  • Solar Century Holdings Ltd & Others v Secretary of State for Energy & Climate Change
    • Queen's Bench Division (Administrative Court)
    • 07 November 2014

    The RO scheme provides financial incentives for the creation of generation capacity from renewable sources. It does this in the form of Renewables Obligation Certificates ("ROC"). These are certificates issued to operators of accredited renewable generating stations in respect of the eligible renewable electricity that they generate.

    To be eligible within the RO scheme electricity must be generated by a station that has been accredited by Ofgem as capable of generating renewable electricity in respect of which ROCs may be issued. The RO scheme is hence a demand led scheme with all generation satisfying the relevant conditions being accredited. For solar PV it is a relevant condition that the generating station must exceed 50 kilowatts in size.

  • The Secretary of State for Energy and Climate Change v Friends of the Earth and Others
    • Court of Appeal (Civil Division)
    • 25 January 2012

    That conclusion seems to me crucial to resolution of this appeal. Modification of the FIT Payment Rate, in respect of installations becoming eligible prior to the modification, would have a retrospective effect. Because the Scheme fixes a rate by reference to the year the installation becomes eligible, reduction of that rate (apart from fluctuations in RPI) would have a retrospective effect.

  • Welsh Ministers and Another v Rwe Npower Renewables Ltd
    • Court of Appeal (Civil Division)
    • 15 March 2012

    The Inspector had before him the written and oral evidence of the respondents' experts and the written submissions of CCW. As the respondents recognised, the central question for the Inspector was whether the particular harm, or risk of harm, associated with the development was sufficient to justify refusal. They accept that the Inspector needed to ascertain the degree of harm the project would cause, taking into account the proposed mitigation measures.

  • Anita Colman v Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government (First Defendant) North Devon District Council (Second Defendant) Rwe Npower Renewables Ltd (Third Defendant)
    • Queen's Bench Division (Administrative Court)
    • 09 May 2013

    That conclusion has, of course, to be read against the detailed findings that, apart from All Angels, insofar as there was any harm at all, it was "minimal" or "minor". The impact on the one building was less than substantial, and even if special weight were attached to that impact, the overall negative effects were limited and could not outweigh the benefits of the development.

  • Barnwell Manor Wind Energy Ltd v East Northamptonshire District Council and Others
    • Court of Appeal (Civil Division)
    • 18 February 2014

    There is a "strong presumption" against granting planning permission for development which would harm the character or appearance of a conservation area precisely because the desirability of preserving the character or appearance of the area is a consideration of "considerable importance and weight."

  • Daniel Gerber v Wiltshire Council Steve Rademaker (1st Interested Party) Norrington Solar Farm Ltd (2nd Interested Party) Terraform Power, Inc. (3rd Interested Party)
    • Queen's Bench Division (Administrative Court)
    • 05 March 2015

    The final ingredient is the question of prejudice to good administration. As Richards J observed in Gavin it is perhaps of secondary significance to the issues, for instance, of hardship or prejudice to the interested parties. He also, correctly, observed that the interests of good administration cut both ways. In this case, on the one hand, there is the obvious need for certainty and reliability in decision making.

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Books & Journal Articles
  • Policy styles, opportunity structures and proportionality: Comparing renewable electricity policies in the UK
    • Nbr. 42-1, January 2021
    • International Political Science Review / Revue internationale de science politique
    Researchers expect under-reaction in climate policy. However, this might differ depending on the access of different interest groups to a political system. To explore the relationship between entre...
    ......To explore the relationship between entrenched patterns of domestic politics and proportionality of climate policy, we compare two renewables policies which financially support new renewable electricity in the UK. Drawing on the literature on policy styles and related opportunity ......
  • Two steps forward, one step back: Renewable energy transitions in Bulgaria and Romania
    • Nbr. 96-3, September 2018
    • Public Administration
    This article examines renewable energy policy in Bulgaria and Romania (2007–17) and the reasons behind the unexpected rapid growth in renewables followed by a policy reversal. While we find strong ...
    ...... This article examines renewable energy policy in Bulgaria and Romania (2007 – 17) and the reasons behind the unexpected rapid growth in renewables followed by a policy reversal. While we find strong formal compliance with EU legislation regarding targets for renewable energy, an examination of ......
  • How do Competing Interest Groups Influence Environmental Policy? The Case of Renewable Electricity in Industrialized Democracies, 1989–2007
    • Nbr. 61-4, December 2013
    • Political Studies
    In this article, we examine the effect of competing interest groups on environmental policy. We argue that the supporters of environmental policy should be the most influential in the absence of op...
    ...... Heavy industries have particularly strong incentives to oppose policies that support renewables, because heavy industries’ profitability depends on inexpensive electricity . We find that the supporter coalition has a positive effect on ......
  • Energy consumption, carbon emissions and economic growth in India
    • Nbr. 10-4, October 2013
    • World Journal of Science, Technology and Sustainable Development
    • 278-287
    Purpose: – The purpose of this paper is to empirically examine the long run and causal relationship between energy consumption, carbon emissions and economic growth in India over the period 1971-20...
    ...... is urgent need of policy development toward boosting energy efficiency,developing alternative carbon-free energy sources like nuclear, renewables and expansion of affordableenergy for faster, sustainable and more inclusive growth for India in upcoming years.Originality/value – India, an ......
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Law Firm Commentaries
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  • Chapter BIM40510
    • HMRC Guidance manuals
    • Formularios de Derecho Civil, Mercantil y Registral
    ......Support for microgeneration takes various forms including the renewables obligation and feed-in tariffs. Renewables obligation. The renewables obligation was introduced in April 2002 as the main mechanism for supporting ......
  • Chapter BIM40530
    • HMRC Guidance manuals
    • Formularios de Derecho Civil, Mercantil y Registral
    ......With effect from tax year 2007-08, no Income Tax arises in respect of the receipt by an individual of a renewables obligation certificate (ROC) and no chargeable gain accrues to an individual on a disposal of a renewables obligation certificate where:. the ......
  • Chapter VCM3160
    • HMRC Guidance manuals
    • Formularios de Derecho Civil, Mercantil y Registral
    • HM Revenue & Customs
    ...... before 6 April 2015As in (1) above and in addition: the generation of electricity, heat, or the production of gas or fuel which attracts Renewables Obligation Certificates (ROCs) or payments under the Renewable Heat Incentives (RHI) scheme (or similar overseas schemes). Not including trades which ......
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