Performing Right Society in UK Law

Leading Cases
  • Performing Right Society Ltd v London Theatre of Varieties Ltd
    • House of Lords
    • 05 November 1923

    That an equitable owner may commence proceedings alone, and may obtain interim protection in the form of an interlocutory injunction, is not in doubt; but it was always the rule of the Court of Chancery, and is (I think) the rule of the Supreme Court that, in general, when a plaintiff has only an equitable right in the thing demanded, the person having the legal right to demand it must in due course be made a party to the action (Daniell's Chancery Practice, 7th ed., vol.

    It follows that when Messrs. Chappell and Messrs. Keith Prowse & Company respectively acquired the copyright in these songs, the equitable interest in the performing rights in respect of them vested in the Society as assignees from them. The Society became entitled to sue in respect of the interests so acquired, but their right to sue is subject to the general rule that the owner of the legal estate should be joined as a party.

    Except under very special circumstances the ordinary rule should be observed that the legal owner should be a party to the proceedings. But whatever may be the balance of convenience, the established rules of practice should be adhered to, even in cases, of which I think the present is one, when their observance in all probability will serve no useful purpose.

  • Standard Chartered Bank v Pakistan National Shipping Corporation and Others
    • House of Lords
    • 06 November 2002

    The incorporation of companies is vitally important for commerce since it allows transactions to be entered into and carried out, property to be held and actions to be raised by, or against, a body which continues in existence despite changes in the individuals who conduct or invest in the business. The company is a separate entity, distinct from the directors, employees and shareholders.

  • Roberts v Gill & Company and Another
    • Supreme Court
    • 19 May 2010

    The Committee identified (para 5.20) these cases, among others, in which a new party should be capable of being added by way of amendment after the limitation period: (1) where the plaintiff was beneficially entitled in equity, and the person with the legal title was a necessary party to the action, for example, the equitable assignee of a chose in action, who could not sue without joining the legal assignor: Performing Right Society Ltd v London Theatre of Varieties Ltd [1924] AC 1; (2) the cestui que trust, who could not enforce a right of action against a stranger to the trust without joining the trustee: Harmer v Armstrong [1934] Ch 65; (3) where the plaintiff was a shareholder suing to enforce a right vested in the company and the company was a necessary party to the action: Spokes v Grosvenor and West End Railway Terminus Hotel Co Ltd [1897] 2 QB 124, 128; cf Wallersteiner v Moir (No 2) [1975] QB 373.

  • Central Insurance Company Ltd v Seacalf Shipping Corporation (Aiolos)
    • Court of Appeal (Civil Division)
    • 17 February 1983

    That there is a long-standing practice that, before giving judgment in an action at the suit of an equitable assignee, the court will normally require him to bring his assignor before the court is beyond doubt. The concept behind the rule is that the debtor should not be put in double jeopardy.

  • Three Rivers District Council v Bank of England (No. 1)
    • Court of Appeal (Civil Division)
    • 23 November 1994

    These authorities, in my judgment, clearly establish that the equitable assignee can be regarded realistically as the person entitled to the assigned chose and is able to sue the debtor on that chose, but that save in special circumstances the Court will require him to join the assignor as a procedural requirement so that the assignor might be bound and the debtor protected. If, unusually, the assignor sues, he will not be allowed to maintain the action in the absence of the assignee.

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Legislation
  • Criminal Justice and Courts Act 2015
    • UK Non-devolved
    • January 01, 2015
    ... ... (6) A registered adoption society or registered adoption support agency is not a ... and privileges of a constable include performing, or not performing, the duties of a constable ... (low-value shoplifting) , in subsection (2) (right to elect trial by Crown Court) , for paragraph ... ...
  • Care Act 2014
    • UK Non-devolved
    • January 01, 2014
    ... ... ;(i) the individual's contribution to society ... (3) In exercising a function under this ... (2) In performing" that duty, a local authority must have regard to\xE2\x80" ... ;(i) providing information about the right to bring an appeal, appeal procedures and other ... ...
  • Legal Services Act 2007
    • UK Non-devolved
    • January 01, 2007
    ... ... persons who exercise before any court a right of audience, or conduct litigation in relation to ... 9) ... Solicitors, the Law Society and the Disciplinary Tribunal ... 177: The Law ... applies by virtue of the person performing a public duty or service under government, the ... ...
  • Health and Social Care Act 2008
    • UK Non-devolved
    • January 01, 2008
    ... ... main objective of the Commission in performing its functions is to protect and promote the ... 2014/2473, art. 3(b) ... 27: Right to make representations ... (1) A notice under ... Committee of the Royal Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain under article 51 of the ... ...
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Books & Journal Articles
  • Legislation
    • No. 19-2, March 1956
    • The Modern Law Review
    ... ... greater detail below) whereby a Performing Right Tribunal is established and clothed ... In the next year a collecting society called ... MAUCH 196G LEGISLATION 191 ... ...
  • The Modern Public House
    • No. 11-3, July 1938
    • Police Journal: Theory, Practice and Principles
    ... ... out a weekly return, for the Performing Right Society, of the tunes played on it: ... ...
  • Trade Unions in Disguise
    • No. 27-6, November 1964
    • The Modern Law Review
    ... ... The rules of the society applying must provide some guide as to ... reached in the case of the Performing Right Society. Its object was to ... ...
  • Scots Law News
    • No. , January 2008
    • Edinburgh Law Review
    • 1-8
    ... ... road and required access by a servitude right of vehicular and pedestrian access over a ... The case of Performing Right Society v Kwik-Fit Group Ltd[2007] CSOH ... ...
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Law Firm Commentaries
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