IMMIGRATION POLICYMAKING IN THE GLOBAL ERA ‐ by Natasha T. Duncan and LIBERAL STATES AND THE FREEDOM OF MOVEMENT ‐ by Steffen Mau , Heike Brabandt, Lena Laube and Christof Roos

Date01 March 2014
Published date01 March 2014
AuthorJames Jupp
Natasha T. Duncan
Palgrave Macmillan, 2012, 190 pp., £55.00 (hb), ISBN: 9780230341302
Steffen Mau, Heike Brabandt, Lena Laube and Christof Roos
Palgrave Macmillan, 2012, 280 pp., £55.08 (hb), ISBN: 9780230277847
Human beings have been moving across the globe for thousands of years. But they have
not always been free to go where the grass is greener and the climate warmer, nor are
they now. With the creation of strong states about two thousand years ago, obstacles
began to be placed in the way of strangers. These varied in their effectiveness. But
since the First World War they have become almost universal and increasingly complex.
Every new state – and there have been about one hundred formed since the end of the
Second World War – erects passport controls, visas, physical barriers, and checkpoints.
Under the now ended Soviet system these were not only erected against newcomers, but
were raised against local inhabitants to prevent them from leaving. As the old saying
(attributed to Madariaga) goes, ‘in 1914 you could move from Dublin to Moscow without
a passport – now you need one to move from Dublin to Belfast’. However this is no
longer true. The European Union has begun the process of reducing controls between its
members but strengthening them towards the outside world.
These two interesting studies look at the obstacles and incentives facing the minority
who wish to change residence or are forced by wars, revolutions, and repression to do so.
For it is only a minority, although one numbering many millions over the past f‌ifty years.
Public Administration Vol. 92, No. 1, 2014 (247–257)
©2014 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

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