Landlord and Tenant Act 1954

JurisdictionUK Non-devolved
Citation1954 c. 56


Landlord and Tenant Act , 1954

(2 & 3 Eliz. 2) CHAPTER 56

An Act to provide security of tenure for occupying tenants under certain leases of residential property at low rents and for occupying sub-tenants of tenants under such leases; to enable tenants occupying property for business, professional or certain other purposes to obtain new tenancies in certain cases; to amend and extend the Landlord and Tenant Act, 1927, the Leasehold Property (Repairs) Act, 1938, and section eighty-four of the Law of Property Act, 1925; to confer jurisdiction on the County Court in certain disputes between landlords and tenants; to make provision for the termination of tenancies of derelict land; and for purposes connected with the matters aforesaid.

B e it enacted by the Queen's most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:—

I Security of Tenure for Residential Tenants

Part I

Security of Tenure for Residential Tenants

Security of tenure for tenants under ground leases, etc.

Security of tenure for tenants under ground leases, etc.

S-1 Protection of residential tenants on termination of long tenancies at low rents.

1 Protection of residential tenants on termination of long tenancies at low rents.

On the termination in accordance with the provisions of this Part of this Act of a tenancy to which this section applies the tenant shall be entitled to the protection of the Rent Acts subject to and in accordance with those provisions.

S-2 Tenancies to which s. 1 applies.

2 Tenancies to which s. 1 applies.

(1) The foregoing section applies to any long tenancy at a low rent, being a tenancy as respects which for the time being the following condition (hereinafter referred to as ‘the qualifying condition’) is fulfilled, that is to say that the circumstances (as respects the property comprised in the tenancy, the use of that property, and all other relevant matters) are such that on the coming to an end of the tenancy at that time the tenant would, if the tenancy had not been one at a low rent, be entitled by virtue of the Rent Acts to retain possession of the whole or part of the property comprised in the tenancy.

(2) At any time before, but not more than twelve months before, the term date application may be made to the court as respects any long tenancy at a low rent, not being at the time of the application a tenancy as respects which the qualifying condition is fulfilled, for an order declaring that the tenancy is not to be treated for the purposes of this Part of this Act as a tenancy to which the foregoing section applies; and where such an application is made—

( a ) the court, if satisfied that the tenancy is not likely, immediately before the term date, to be a tenancy to which the foregoing section applies, but not otherwise, shall make the order;

( b ) if the court makes the order, then notwithstanding anything in subsection (1) of this section the tenancy shall not thereafter be treated as a tenancy to which the foregoing section applies.

(3) Anything authorised or required to be done under the following provisions of this Part of this Act in relation to tenancies to which the foregoing section applies shall, if done before the term date in relation to a long tenancy at a low rent, not be treated as invalid by reason only that at the time at which it was done the qualifying condition was not fulfilled as respects the tenancy.

(4) In this Part of this Act the expression ‘long tenancy’ means a tenancy granted for a term of years certain exceeding twenty-one years, whether or not subsequently extended by act of the parties or by any enactment.

(5) In this Part of this Act the expression ‘tenancy at a low rent’ means a tenancy the rent payable in respect whereof (or where that rent is a progressive rent, the maximum rent payable in respect whereof) is less than two-thirds of the rateable value of the property comprised in the tenancy; and—

( a ) if that property is a dwelling-house to which the Act of 1920 applies apart from the Act of 1939, the expression ‘rateable value’ has in relation to it the same meaning in this subsection as it has in the Act of 1920 in relation to such a dwelling-house;

( b ) if that property is not such a dwelling-house, the said expression has in relation to it the same meaning in this subsection as it has in the Act of 1920 in relation to a dwelling-house to which that Act applies by virtue of the Act of 1939.

(6) In this Part of this Act the expression ‘term date’, in relation to a tenancy granted for a term of years certain, means the date of expiry of the term.

Continuation and termination of tenancies to which s. 1 applies

Continuation and termination of tenancies to which s. 1 applies

S-3 Continuation of tenancies to which s. 1 applies.

3 Continuation of tenancies to which s. 1 applies.

(1) A tenancy which is current immediately before the term date and is then a tenancy to which section one of this Act applies shall not come to an end on that date except by being terminated under the provisions of this Part of this Act, and if not then so terminated shall subject to those provisions continue until so terminated and shall, while continuing by virtue of this section, be deemed (notwithstanding any change in circumstances) to be a tenancy to which section one of this Act applies.

(2) Where by virtue of the last foregoing subsection a tenancy is continued after the term date, then—

( a ) if the premises qualifying for protection are the whole of the property comprised in the tenancy, the tenancy shall continue at the same rent and in other respects on the same terms as before the term date;

( b ) if the premises qualifying for protection are only part of the property comprised in the tenancy, the tenancy while continuing after the term date shall have effect as a tenancy of those premises to the exclusion of the remainder of the property, and at a rent to be ascertained by apportioning the rent payable before the term date as between those premises and the remainder of the property, and in other respects on the same terms (subject to any necessary modifications) as before the term date.

(3) In this Part of this Act the expression ‘the premises qualifying for protection’ means the aggregate of the premises of which, if the tenancy in question were not one at a low rent, the tenant would be entitled to retain possession by virtue of the Rent Acts after the coming to an end of the tenancy at the term date.

(4) Any question arising under paragraph ( b ) of subsection (2) of this section as to the premises comprised in a tenancy continuing as mentioned in that paragraph, as to the rent payable in respect of a tenancy so continuing, or as to any of the terms of such a tenancy, shall be determined by agreement between the landlord and the tenant or, on the application of either of them, by the court.

S-4 Termination of tenancy by the landlord.

4 Termination of tenancy by the landlord.

(1) The landlord may terminate a tenancy to which section one of this Act applies by notice given to the tenant in the prescribed form specifying the date at which the tenancy is to come to an end (hereinafter referred to as ‘the date of termination’), being either the term date of the tenancy or a later date:

Provided that this subsection has effect subject to the provisions of this Part of this Act as to the annulment of notices in certain cases and subject to the provisions of Part IV of this Act as to the interim continuation of tenancies pending the disposal of applications to the court.

(2) A notice under the last foregoing subsection shall not have effect unless it is given not more than twelve nor less than six months before the date of termination specified therein.

(3) A notice under subsection (1) of this section shall not have effect unless it specifies the premises which the landlord believes to be, or to be likely to be, the premises qualifying for protection and either—

( a ) it contains proposals for a statutory tenancy, as defined by subsection (3) of section seven of this Act, or

( b ) it contains notice that, if the tenant is not willing to give up possession at the date of termination of the tenancy, of all the property then comprised in the tenancy, the landlord proposes to apply to the court, on one or more of the grounds mentioned in section twelve of this Act, for possession of the property comprised in the tenancy, and states the ground or grounds on which he proposes to apply.

(4) A notice under subsection (1) of this section...

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