Species in UK Law

Leading Cases
  • R (Newsum and Others) v Welsh Assembly Government
    • Queen's Bench Division (Administrative Court)
    • 04 Feb 2004

    Mr Jarman accepts that an application for this licence could have been appropriately addressed to the Countryside Council for Wales under regulation 44(2)(c). What then would have been material considerations for the Council? The claimants would be seeking a licence to conserve a protected species because, in light of the planning permission, it is likely the species would otherwise be harmed.

  • No Adastral New Town Ltd (Claimant/Appellant) v (1) Suffolk Coastal District Council (2) Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government (Interested Party/Respondent)
    • Court of Appeal (Civil Division)
    • 17 Feb 2015

    Article 6(3) provides that any plan or project not directly connected with or necessary to the management of an SPA but likely to have a significant effect on it shall be subject to appropriate assessment of its implications for the site in view of the site's conservation objectives; and in the light of the conclusions of the assessment, the competent national authorities shall agree to the plan or project only after having ascertained that it will not adversely affect the integrity of the site and, if appropriate, after having obtained the opinion of the general public.

  • R (Morge) v Hampshire County Council
    • Court of Appeal (Civil Division)
    • 10 Jun 2010

    The impact must be certain or real, it must be negative or adverse to the bats and it will be likely to be detrimental when it negatively or adversely effects the conservation status of the species. That is why the Guidance at (39) makes the point that the disturbing activity must be such as

    I am satisfied that the loss of foraging habitat occasioned by cutting a swathe through the vegetation does not offend Article 12(1)(b) which is concerned with protection of the species not with conservation of the species' natural habitats. There is therefore no evidence of any activity which would as a matter of law constitute a disturbance as the word has to understood.

  • R (Hart District Council v ((1) The Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government (2) Luckmore Ltd (3) Barratt Homes Ltd) v ((1) Tayor Wimpey Developments Ltd (2) Natural England Interested Parties
    • Queen's Bench Division (Administrative Court)
    • 01 May 2008

    For all these reasons, I am satisfied that there is no legal requirement that a screening assessment under Regulation 48(1) must be carried out in the absence of any mitigation measures that form part of a plan or project. On the contrary, the competent authority is required to consider whether the project, as a whole, including such measures, if they are part of the project, is likely to have a significant effect on the SPA.

  • The Royal Society for the Protection of Birds v The Secretary of State for Environment Food and Rural Affairs BAE Systems (Operations) Ltd (1st Interested Party) Natural England (2nd Interested Party)
    • Queen's Bench Division (Administrative Court)
    • 21 May 2014

    The River Ribble rises in Yorkshire and flows into the Irish Sea between Lytham St Annes and Southport. The River Alt rises in Huyton and flows into the Irish Sea at the edge of the Mersey Estuary. Part of the Ribble Estuary was identified as a National Nature Reserve in 1979 and notified as a Site of Special Scientific Interest under Section 28 of the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981 in 1984. It was classified as special protection area under Council Directive 79/409/EEC in 1982.

  • R (on the application of Christopher Prideaux) v Buckinghamshire County Council Fcc Environment Uk Ltd (Interested Party)
    • Queen's Bench Division (Administrative Court)
    • 29 Apr 2013

    If a proposed development is found acceptable when judged on its planning merits, planning permission for it should normally be given unless in the planning authority's view the proposed development would be likely to offend article 12(1) and unlikely to be licensed under the derogation powers (see paragraph 29 of Lord Brown's judgment in Morge).

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Books & Journal Articles
  • On robots as genetically modified invasive species
    • Nbr. 12-2, May 2014
    • Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society
    • 122-132
    Purpose: – This paper aims to explore similarities and differences between robots, invasive biological species, and genetically modified organisms. These comparisons are designed to better understa...
  • Animal abuse, biotechnology and species justice
    • Nbr. 22-3, August 2018
    • Theoretical Criminology
    Generally, in the modern, western world, conceptualizations of the natural environment are associated with what nature can offer us—an anthropocentric perspective whereby humans treat nature and al...
  • Substantive Unfairness: A New Species of Abuse of Power?
    • Nbr. 28-3, September 2000
    • Federal Law Review
  • The Rise and Fall of Species-Life
    • Nbr. 5-3, July 2006
    • European Journal of Political Theory
    Rousseau’s founding critique of liberalism, the Discourse on the Origin of Inequality, takes the ambiguous form of a sweeping myth of civilization. Political the...
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Law Firm Commentaries
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