Donatio Mortis Causa in UK Law

Leading Cases
  • Sen v Headley
    • Court of Appeal (Civil Division)
    • 28 Febrero 1991

    Secondly, the gift must be made upon the condition that it is to be absolute and perfected only on the donor's death, being revocable until that event occurs and ineffective if it does not. Thirdly, there must be a delivery of the subject matter of the gift, or the essential indicia of title thereto, which amounts to a parting with dominion and not mere physical possession over the subject matter of the gift.

  • FHR European Ventures LLP and Others v Mankarious and Others
    • Court of Appeal (Civil Division)
    • 29 Enero 2013

    It throws into clear relief, however, the very considerable difficulties inherent in the analysis in Sinclair Investments and the decision in Lister in marking the borderline between cases in Category 2 and those in Category 3. This has made the law more complex and uncertain and dependant on very fine factual distinctions. It will also be necessary to bear in mind the international perspective applying to this area of trust law and equity, to which I have referred earlier in this judgment.

  • Theodossiades v Smith and Others
    • Court of Appeal (Civil Division)
    • 09 Junio 2015

    Let me now stand back and summarise the legal principles which emerge from the case law. I have enumerated all the authorities which counsel have cited. I have also taken into account the numerous other authorities which are discussed in those judgments. It is clear that there are three requirements to constitute a valid DMC. They are:

    The first requirement is that D should be contemplating his impending death. Nevertheless it is clear on the authorities that D must have good reason to anticipate death in the near future from an identified cause. It is also clear on the authorities that the death which D is anticipating need not be inevitable.

    This is that D should deliver "dominion" over the subject matter. From a review of the cases I conclude that "dominion" means physical possession of (a) the subject matter or (b) some means of accessing the subject matter (such as the key to a box) or (c) documents evidencing entitlement to possession of the subject matter.

  • Powell v Osbourne
    • Court of Appeal (Civil Division)
    • 03 Diciembre 1992

    If the deceased had in fact severed the beneficial joint tenancy immediately before his death, he would have thereupon become entitled to a half-share in the property subject to the mortgage but with the benefit of the half-share in the policy moneys and, accordingly, on his death his net estate would have been left with the clear half-share of the property, half the policy moneys having gone to discharge his half-share of the mortgage.

  • Thorner v Curtis and Others
    • Court of Appeal (Civil Division)
    • 02 Julio 2008

    In the present case, the judge did not in terms consider whether the implicit statement which he found to have been made in 1990, to the effect that Peter intended David to succeed to the farm on his death, was intended to be relied on.

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Legislation
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Books & Journal Articles
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Forms
  • Chapter CG30400
    • HMRC Guidance manuals
    • Formularios de Derecho Civil, Mercantil y Registral
    ...... . Definition. A donatio mortis causa is a gift made in contemplation of ......
  • Chapter CG22210
    • HMRC Guidance manuals
    • Formularios de Derecho Civil, Mercantil y Registral
    ......or. the disposal was by way of donatio mortis causa. (Donatio mortis causa means a gift ......
  • Chapter TSEM6033
    • HMRC Guidance manuals
    • Formularios de Derecho Civil, Mercantil y Registral
    ...... A ‘gift on account of death’ (donatio mortis causa) is a gift of personal property. It ......
  • Chapter TSEM6032
    • HMRC Guidance manuals
    • Formularios de Derecho Civil, Mercantil y Registral
    ...... of any ‘gift on account of death’(donatio mortis causa – TSEM6033). They are required to ......
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