Competition in UK Law

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Leading Cases
  • Sel-imperial Ltd (Claimant Respondent) v The British Standards Institution (Defendant Applicant)
    • Chancery Division
    • 23 Abril 2010

    Moreover, it is important that competition claims are pleaded properly. To contend that a party has infringed competition law involves a serious allegation of breach of a quasi-public law, which can indeed lead to the imposition of financial penalties as well as civil liability. A defendant faced with such a claim is entitled to know what specific conduct or agreement is complained of and how that is alleged to violate the law.

    Moreover, one can consider the hypothetical possibility of a situation where BSI decided that it would restrict the number of repairers, whether generally or by region, to which it would grant a Kitemark in respect of PAS 125. That could clearly result in a severe restriction of competition. It is no answer to say that BSI as a responsible body would never contemplate such action.

  • Heathrow Hub Ltd v The Secretary of State for Transport
    • Queen's Bench Division (Administrative Court)
    • 01 Mayo 2019

    Before we consider these points of competition law, however, we should stress one fundamental point regarding Ground 1. This is a claim for judicial review and the Claimants are seeking (and seeking only) the quashing of the Secretary of State's decision to designate the ANPS. This is a public law ground and the remedy sought is a public law remedy. The Claimants have chosen to bring a competition law claim not as a self-standing claim, but within the framework of a claim for judicial review.

    The fact is that Ground 1 seeks to question something done by the Secretary of State in the course of preparing the ANPS, namely the preference decision, where that decision did not, even potentially, affect competition or market structure, whilst seeking to quash the designation of the ANPS. However, the designation of the ANPS was not affected by the promoter-specific risk.

  • British Telecommunications Plc v Telefónica O2 UK Ltd and Others
    • Supreme Court
    • 09 Julio 2014

    It was, moreover, an economic judgment by an expert tribunal which had received a substantial amount of additional evidence, including economic evidence. Since appeal lay to the Court of Appeal only on points of law, the CAT's findings on the distortion of competition liable to result from the rejection of the new charging structure were not open to rejection on appeal.

  • British Association of European Pharmaceutical Distributors and Another, R v Secretary of State for Health
    • Queen's Bench Division (Administrative Court)
    • 14 Marzo 2001

    However, there was no evidence which supported that assertion. Although it was clear on the evidence that a dramatic price reduction would usually be made at the time the patent protection expired, a branded product could still command a premium over its generic product, as a premium is inherent in the value of a brand.

  • BHB Enterprises Plc v Victor Chandler (International) Ltd
    • Chancery Division
    • 27 Mayo 2005

    These are notoriously burdensome allegations, frequently leading to extensive evidence, including expert reports from economists and accountants. The recent history of cases in which such allegations have been raised illustrate that they can lead to lengthy and expensive trials. Before a party has to respond to an allegation like this, it is incumbent on the party making the allegation to set out clearly and succinctly the major facts upon which it will rely.

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Books & Journal Articles
  • Competition
    • Nbr. 28-4, September 1981
    • Probation Journal
  • Warlord Competition
    • Nbr. 39-4, July 2002
    • Journal of Peace Research
    Warlords compete for turf that provides them with rents and `taxable' resources, but they can also offer a semblance of security within their respective territories. This article first examines two...
  • Key Currency Competition
    • Nbr. 44-4, December 2009
    • Cooperation and Conflict
    In this article, I investigate whether the euro is set to eclipse the dollar as the world currency. Although the euro has gained in importance at the expense of the dollar in all key currency funct...
  • Competition and Rivalry
    • Nbr. 29-4, December 1951
    • Public Administration
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Law Firm Commentaries
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  • Appeal from the Competition Appeal Tribunal (COA bundle index C3 CAT)
    • Court and tribunal forms
    Court of Appeal Civil Division forms including form N244 to apply for a court order.
  • Chapter IDG55220
    • HMRC Guidance manuals
    • Formularios de Derecho Civil, Mercantil y Registral
    ...... . . Trade Descriptions Act 1968. Competition and Markets Authority; BIS, Trading Standards. . . Unsolicited Goods and Services Act 1971. BIS. . . Fair Trading ......
  • Chapter INTM485050
    • HMRC Guidance manuals
    • Formularios de Derecho Civil, Mercantil y Registral
    ...... appearing for HMRC who explained that the extent to which value in excess of a ‘normal’ rate of return is created is limited by competition. Where competition exists it will eventually force higher returns (‘economic profits’) down to a normal level. If a lack of competition allows ......
  • Chapter BIM35595
    • HMRC Guidance manuals
    • Formularios de Derecho Civil, Mercantil y Registral
    ......Both had extensive knowledge of and contacts in the cement industry. Both would be free to set up in competition with the company. The company entered into agreements with directors where in exchange for payments of £20,000 to one and £10,000 to the other the ......
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