Injuries in UK Law

Leading Cases
  • British Transport Commission v Gourley
    • House of Lords
    • 08 Diciembre 1955

    In an action for personal injuries the damages are always divided into two main parts. First, there is what is referred to as special damage which has to be specially pleaded and proved. This consists of out-of-pocket expenses and loss of earnings incurred down to the date of trial, and is generally capable of substantially exact calculation. Secondly, there is general damage which the law implies and is not specially pleaded.

  • Hughes v Lord Advocate
    • House of Lords
    • 21 Febrero 1963

    No doubt it was not to be expected that the injuries would be as serious as those which the Appellant in fact sustained. But a defender is liable, although the damage may be a good deal greater in extent than was foreseeable. He can only escape liability if the damage can be regarded as differing in kind from what was foreseeable.

  • McLoughlin v O'Brian
    • House of Lords
    • 06 Mayo 1982

    Yet an anxiety neurosis or a reactive depression may be recognisable psychiatric illnesses, with or without psychosomatic symptoms. So, the first hurdle which a plaintiff claiming damages of the kind in question must surmount is to establish that he is suffering, not merely grief, distress or any other normal emotion, but a positive psychiatric illness.

  • Anns v Merton London Borough Council
    • House of Lords
    • 12 Mayo 1977

    First one has to ask whether, as between the alleged wrongdoer and the person who has suffered damage there is a sufficient relationship of proximity or neighbourhood such that, in the reasonable contemplation of the former, carelessness on his part may be likely to cause damage to the latter—in which case a prima facie duty of care arises.

  • Wright v British Railways Board
    • House of Lords
    • 23 Junio 1983

    My Lords, given the inescapably artificial and conventional nature of the assessment of damages for non-economic loss in personal injury actions and of treating such assessment as a debt bearing interest from the date of service of the writ, it is an important function of the Court of Appeal to lay down guide-lines both as to the quantum of damages appropriate to compensate for various types of commonly occurring injuries and as to the rates of "interest" from time to time appropriate to be given in respect of non-economic loss and of the various kinds of economic loss.

    As regards assessment of damages for non-economic loss in personal injury cases, the Court of Appeal creates the guide-lines as to the appropriate conventional figure by increasing or reducing awards of damages made by judges in individual cases for various common kinds of injuries.

  • Davies v Powell Duffryn Associated Collieries (No. 2)
    • House of Lords
    • 27 Abril 1942

    In effect the Court, before it interferes with an award of damages, should be satisfied that the Judge has acted upon a wrong principle of law, or has misapprehended the facts, or has for these or other reasons made a wholly erroneous estimate of the damage suffered. It is not enough that there is a balance of opinion or preference. The scale must go down heavily against the figure attacked if the Appellate Court is to interfere, whether on the ground of excess or insufficiency.

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Books & Journal Articles
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Law Firm Commentaries
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  • Judicial review claim - criminal injuries compensation cases, England and Wales
    • HM Courts & Tribunals Service court and tribunal forms
    Forms to appeal decisions by certain first-tier and other tribunals and organisations. Includes social security and child support, and mental health appeals.
  • Medical report
    • HM Courts & Tribunals Service court and tribunal forms
    Road Traffic Act (RTA) personal injury forms including the form to contest an RTA claim.
    ... ... or outpatient where applicable. Detail any improvement or deterioration of symptoms ... including dates. In the case of injuries/symptoms fully recovered, please specify the date by ... which there was a full recovery. Whether the claimant has ever experienced symptoms in ... ...
  • Judicial review claim, England and Wales (Upper Tribunal - Administrative Appeals Chamber)
    • HM Courts & Tribunals Service court and tribunal forms
    Chancery forms, including claim forms and applications for orders.
    ... ...   ...   ... Claim Form for Judicial Review ... (not for Criminal Injuries Compensation cases) ... Date received ... Notes for guidance are available which explain how to complete the judicial review claim ... ...
  • Apply for 'bolt-on' payments and advocate's bundle payments
    • HM Courts & Tribunals Service court and tribunal forms
    Court Costs form EX80A to issue a legal aid assessment certificate.
    ... ... For the purposes of the bolt-on the following conditions ... constitute signifcant harm: ... b) signifcant head and/or fracture injuries ... c) burns or scalds ... d) fabricated illness ... e) extensive bruising involving more than one part ... of the body ... f) multiple injuries of ... ...
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