Banking and Finance in UK Law

Leading Cases
  • Lloyd's Bank Ltd v Bundy
    • Court of Appeal (Civil Division)
    • 30 July 1974

    With all respect to that submission, it seems necessary to point out that nothing in this judgment affects the duties of a bank in the normal case where it is obtaining a guarantee, and in accordance with standard practice explains to the person about to sign its legal effect and the sums involved.

  • HM Revenue and Customs v Axa Uk Plc
    • Court of Appeal (Civil Division)
    • 20 December 2011

    As to the effect of the ruling in the present case, in my judgment, it is clear that the Court of Justice concluded that the words "debt collection" in the carve out have a meaning capable of being applied to "transactions concerning payments" within the exemption in article 13B(d)(3) (judgment, paragraph 28, last sentence). It then has to be decided whether the actual transaction in question falls within the exemption or the carve out, and this will depend on its precise facts.

  • Lipkin Gorman (A Firm)(Original Appellants and Cross-Respondents) v Karpnale Ltd (Formerly Playboy Club of London Ltd) (Original Respondents and Cross-Appellants)
    • House of Lords
    • 06 June 1991

    The answer must be that, where an innocent defendant's position is so changed that he will suffer an injustice if called upon to repay or to repay in full, the injustice of requiring him so to repay outweighs the injustice of denying the plaintiff restitution.

  • Wallersteiner v Moir
    • Court of Appeal (Civil Division)
    • 21 May 1974

    Dr. Wallersteiner obtained control of a public company, Hartley Baird Ltd., by means which were quite unlawful. He acquired 80% of the shares by using its own money. He operated by means of puppet concerns of his own making. All these he brought into his service to further his unworthy ends. His solicitors refused to act further for him. The Board of Trade has ordered an inquiry under the Companies Act. The liquidator of Camp Bird has brought proceedings against him.

  • Bank Mellat v HM Treasury (No 2)
    • Supreme Court
    • 19 June 2013

    The object of the direction, as the Treasury acknowledges, was to shut the Bank out of the UK financial sector, and that has been its effect. Before the direction, the Bank had a substantial international business, much of it international trade finance transacted through London.

    While the courts will not usually require decision-makers to consult substantial categories of people liable to be affected by a proposed measure, the number of people to be consulted in this case was just one, Bank Mellat, and possibly also IRISL depending on the circumstances of their case. But the principle which required it is more than a principle of fairness.

  • Amalgamated Investment & Property Company Ltd v Texas Commerce International Bank Ltd
    • Court of Appeal (Civil Division)
    • 31 July 1981

    When the parties to a transaction proceed on the basis of an underlying assumption—either of fact or of law—whether due to misrepresentation or mistake makes no difference—on which they have conducted the dealings between them—neither of them will be allowed to go back on that assumption when it would be unfair or unjust to allow him to do so. If he does seek to go back on it, the courts will give the other such remedy as the equity of the case demands.

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